Palestine Cry

The Truth of God and Our Lord Jesus Christ

Special Palestine Cry Blog articles: The Catholic Creed: The meaning of the Pasch of Christians.


For as it was not possible that the man who had once for all been conquered, and who had been destroyed through disobedience, could reform himself, and obtain the prize of victory; and as it was also impossible that he could attain to salvation who had fallen under the power of sin,-the Son effected both these things, being the Word of God, descending from the Father, becoming incarnate, stooping low, even to death, and consummating the arranged plan of our salvation, upon whom [Paul], exhorting us unhesitatingly to believe, again says, "Who shall ascend into heaven? that is, to bring down Christ; or who shall descend into the deep? that is, to liberate Christ again from the dead." Then he continues, "If thou shall confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shall be saved." And he renders the reason why the Son of God did these things, saying, "For to this end Christ both lived, and died, and revived, that He might rule over the living and the dead." And again, writing to the Corinthians, he declares, "But we preach Christ Jesus crucified; "and adds, "The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? " - St. Irenaeus, Against Heresies, Book III, Chapter XVIII, Section 2.

The Crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ, Mary and John and the women at the foot of the Cross

Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour, there was darkness over all the earth, until the ninth hour.

Origen tell us this darkness was only in Palestine, and the neighbouring countries: for as to the words, over the whole earth, or over the whole land, we find one kingdom or empire, by a common way of speaking, called the whole earth, or the whole world. As to the cause of the obscuration of the sun; and secondly, as to the extent of its darkness. Origen tells us that the darkness was partial, and confined to Judea and the neighbouring countries, as the darkness of Egypt was only perceived in that country, and not in Gessen, where the children of Israel were. Saint Jerome tells us that the obscurity was caused by the rays of the sun being suddenly withdrawn by divine power, as was the case in Egypt. The darkness in Egypt during the Passover of Moses was due to God's protection withdrawn from that land at that time. The darkness when Christ was Crucified for us is the judgement of God upon His Son Jesus Christ, in our place. For Jesus Christ knew NO sin. He never sinned, nor could He ever.

The meaning of the Pasch of Christians.

The Book of Wisdom, Chapter 17, describes the devils and demons thrown back upon the Egyptians when the Israelites under Moses were brought out of Egypt by God for God’s purposes (to prepare a place for the Crucifixion of Our Lord for the Redemption of the whole world of those who are saved). In the same way the same false gods and goddesses that the Egyptians served and which in so doing were the reason the Egyptians sacrificed their sons and daughters to the devils and demons behind the false gods/goddesses were the spirits that killed the Egyptian children that perished when the Israelites were brought out of Egypt. God does not murder children, period. The angel of death which destroyed in Egypt was one of the fallen spirits. God did not cause any of the fallen spirits to hurt anyone. God allowed the fallen spirits to do what it is their nature do to when He brought the Israelites out of the gates of hell which was Egypt. The children below the age of reason that died went to be with God for eternity, they will be resurrected with the just at the Second Coming of Christ. This principle of God allowing the innocent to be afflicted along with guilty finds its ultimate fulfillment in Christ’s singular and only salvific Kenosis. Jesus Christ committed no sin, not ever nor could He, and was and is and only could be utterly and absolutely and completely innocent of any and all wrongdoing and sin by His very nature as the Holy and True God. The guiltless sacrificed by His own will for the guilty. Even when the innocent are afflicted by the actions and evils instigated by the fallen spirits in the world, the innocent are not possessed by those fallen spirits. The principle of all being afflicted by the evil set loose upon the world for its unrepentant sin will occur when the universal plagues are let loose upon the world. See Apocalypse 16

The principle of our always, for our part, protecting children is given us by Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 18

1 At *that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying: Who, thinkest thou, is the greater in the kingdom of heaven?

2 *And Jesus calling unto him a little child, set him in the midst of them,

3 And said: Amen I say unto you, *unless you be converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, he is the greater in the kingdom of heaven.

5 And he that shall receive one such little child in my name, receiveth me.

10 Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones: for I say to you, *that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father who is in heaven.

The principle of our ONLY worshipping the True God, the Father and the Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit is given first in the historical truth of the Garden of Eden when Christ, who is the Tree of Life commands the first man and his wife, Adam and Eve to not have anything to do with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil which is Satan, the first fallen angel, nor with any of the fallen angels with Satan. Assisi of Babylon/Vatican/Rome is absolute and complete violation of that principle and is the Great Apostasy in full blown Satanic evil. Have nothing to do with the Vatican or suffer its eternal damnation in hell with it. The devil and demon worshipping pagans and the perfidious deicidal Jews are not ever any part of the Salvific action of Christ upon Golgotha/Calvary. Individual pagans and Jews if they repent of their not confessing Jesus Christ as the Immortal Son of God become flesh for our sake and sacrificed for our salvation and who confess publicly their sin of devil and demon worshipping and perfidy and deicide and who beg the Lord of all, the Lord God, the Father and the Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit for forgiveness of their horrid and abominable sins, can and will be forgiven if they do so now in this life and will enter into the only path of salvation there is as dictated by God Himself. The Church, all the faithful – there is no other meaning acceptable to God for the word Church, is commanded by God to not have anything to do with the Apostasy.

Book of Wisdom, Chapter 17

1 For thy judgments, O Lord, are great, and thy words cannot be expressed: therefore undisciplined souls have erred.

2 For while the wicked thought to be able to have dominion over the holy nation, they themselves being fettered with the bonds of darkness, and a long night, shut up in their houses, lay there exiled from the eternal providence.

3 And while they thought to lie hid in their obscure sins, they were scattered under a dark veil of forgetfulness, being horribly afraid and troubled with exceeding great astonishment.

4 For neither did the den that held them, keep them from fear: for noises coming down troubled them, and sad visions appearing to them, affrighted them.

5 And no power of fire could give them light, neither could the bright flames of the stars enlighten that horrible night.

6 But there appeared to them a sudden fire, very dreadful: and being struck with the fear of that face, which was not seen, they thought the things which they saw to be worse:

7 And the delusions of their magic art were put down, and their boasting of wisdom was reproachfully rebuked.

8 For they who promised to drive away fears and troubles from a sick soul, were sick themselves of a fear worthy to be laughed at.

9 For though no terrible thing disturbed them: yet being scared with the passing by of beasts, and hissing of serpents, they died for fear: and denying that they saw the air, which could by no means be avoided.

10 For whereas wickedness is fearful, it beareth witness of its condemnation: for a troubled conscience always forecasteth grievous things.

11 For fear is nothing else but a yielding up of the succours from thought.

12 And while there is less expectation from within, the greater doth it count the ignorance of that cause which bringeth the torment.

13 But they that during that night, in which nothing could be done, and which came upon them from the lowest and deepest hell, slept the same sleep.

14 Were sometimes molested with the fear of monsters, sometimes fainted away, their soul failing them: for a sudden and unlooked for fear was come upon them.

15 Moreover if any of them had fallen down, he was kept shut up in prison without irons.

16 For if any one were a husbandman, or a shepherd, or a labourer in the field, and was suddenly overtaken, he endured a necessity from which he could not fly.

17 For they were all bound together with one chain of darkness. Whether it were a whistling wind, or the melodious voice of birds, among the spreading branches of trees, or a fall of water running down with violence,

18 Or the mighty noise of stones tumbling down, or the running that could not be seen of beasts playing together, or the roaring voice of wild beasts, or a rebounding echo from the highest mountains: these things made them to swoon for fear.

19 For the whole world was enlightened with a clear light, and none were hindered in their labours.

20 But over them only was spread a heavy night, an image of that darkness which was to come upon them. But they were to themselves more grievous than the darkness.

The Catholic Creed: The Final Trial: Traditional Catholic Prayers: Baptism

Sunday, August 5, 2012

Palestine Cry: The 'Nuen Kulturkampf' and the Judas knife in the back.

The same knife on the back that was the destruction of the Catholic Church was the knife that was the murder of Palestine and her people: 

God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: ADVENT OF THE ANTI-CHRIST



“ And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of the anti-christ, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.”

(1 John 4:3)

Israel is the Nation of the Antichrist = Dajjal: 18 Temple Benedictions: 6 + 6 + 6 = Temple of the Antichrist

God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: The Broken Cross - Part Three

Part Three

I am certain that when in the Council I pronounced the ritual words 'Exeunt Omnes' (everyone out), one who did not obey was the Devil. He is always there where confusion triumphs, to stir it up and take advantage of it.

Cardinal Pericle Felici, Secretary-General of the Council.

With a truly amazing foresight that was born of confidence, the secret societies had long since made up their minds how they would bring about changes in the claims and character of the Catholic Church, and ultimately its downfall. More than a century ago they recognised that the policy of infiltration, by which their own men were entering the highest places in the ecclesiastical structure, had met with success; and now they could outline the nature of the next stage to be accomplished.

Speaking as one of the arch-plotters who was ‘in the know’, Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-72) said: ‘In our time humanity will forsake the Pope and have recourse to a General Council of the Church.’ Mazzini was not immune to the drama of the anticipated situation, and went on to speak of the ‘Papal Caesar’ being mourned as a victim for the sacrifice, and of an executed termination.

A similar note was struck by Pierre Virion who wrote in Mystere d’Iniquité: ‘There is a sacrifice in the offing which represents a solemn act of expiation.... The Papacy will fall. It will fall under the hallowed knife which will be prepared by the Fathers of the last Council.’

That knife in the back is poised from many angles including agents of the Antichrist New World Order such as Benediktos' puppet Kardinal Schoenborn.

Omar Khayyam: Palestine Cry: Christians United Against Religious Persecution « Kawther Salam

Madame Salam has been valiantly trying to make the world aware of this intrigue and destruction of her people and country of Palestine.

Palestine Cry: Christians United Against Religious Persecution 

« Kawther Salam

Palestine Cry: Christians United Against Religious Persecution 
« Kawther Salam


Christians United Against Religious Persecution « Kawther Salam

Christians United Against Religious Persecution « Kawther Salam:

Christians United Against Religious Persecution

About twelve thousand persons, representing different Christian churches and religious communities, united in a demonstration against the massacre of Copts in Maspiro on past October 9 2011 where 27 Coptic Christians were killed and over 300 were injured after the Egyptian military shot them and drove with APCs over them, and against the oppression of the Copts in the Arab Republic of Egypt.
The demonstration was held in the center of Vienna on Friday October 21 2011afternoon. The demo was led by the Cardinal of the Austrian Catholic Church Dr. Christoph Schönborn and the Coptic Bishop in Austria, Anba Gabriel, and many representatives of other Christian religious groups came from Vienna as well as from different Austrian cities and towns. The march began from before the Opera, followed the Ring Street through Ballhausplatz before of the Hofburg, the residency of Austrian President Dr. Heinz Fischer and Chancellor Mr. Faymann, and stopped in front of St. Stephen’s Cathedral, where a final prayer of mourning took place outside and inside the Cathedral. (Click once on the small picture to make it bigger).
The demonstrators carried a model of a coffin covered with black, and raised wooden crosses flowers and a several signs representing their demands. They chanted for the freedom of worship and demanded that the Egyptian authorities stop the violence, persecution, and massacres against the Coptic minority in Egypt. They chanted asking if the life of Christians is worth nothing, claimed that the Copts in Egypt were guilty ONLY because they are Christians, and that because of this, extremist Muslims were causing them troubles without end. They raised signs which demand an end to the kidnapping of Coptic girls who are forcibly converted to Islam and married with Muslims.
A prayer was held at St. Stephen’s square and another one inside St. Stephen’s Cathedral, in which Cardinal Schönborn invited Bishop Anba and all religious group representatives to join in the prayers for the Christian victims who were killed by unjust violence in Egypt. After the first prayed ended, Cardinal Schönborn and Bishop Anba prayed inside Stephen’s Cathedral and lightened candles for in the memory of and blessing the Christian martyrs.
The Coptic Bishop in Austria, Anba Gabriel, stated during a press conference held on last October 17 2011 at the Church of the Virgin Mary, that over 100.000 Copts are known to have emigrated from Egypt because of the religious oppression.
It should be noted here that on October 11 2011 the Egyptian authorities executed Muhammad Ahmad Hussein, also known as Al-Kmoni, at the Arab tower jail West of Alexandria. Al-Kmoni was accused of carrying out the terrorist murders of Nag Hammadi against Coptic Christians on past January 6 2010 during the celebration of Christmas.
Regarding the massacre of last 11 October, the Egyptian military claims that they reacted to people among the Coptic demonstrators who captured, disarmed and burnt several military personnel in a car. (Please Click here to see the film), the Copts deny responsibility for this and claimed that the Egyptian military shot them and drove with APCs over them. (Please Click here to see the film). It is possible that this is the work of provocateurs infiltrated into the demo working for parties interested in maintaining sectarian tensions.
I sent several questions to the Egyptian Embassy in Vienna asking them for a statement regarding the problems around the Coptic community and the demo of today, but they have chosen to remain silent on the demo of today and the serious accusations against the Egyptian Authorities.


Steve in Vista said...
Ms. Salam, Libya was just castrated and made into a carcass for World Zionism and the New World Order. Next is the Western Sahara and the Sahel. That is: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Western Sahara. Below (south of) those are the buffer states (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Eritrea) between traditional long time Arab cultured, Islamic civilization and traditional Bantu speaker culture African nations. These buffer nations will be targeted along with the rest of Africa and the NWO plan is to sweep all of Africa and its people into complete slavery. Especially watch the southern Sahel. The Pan-African movement had always looked to Gaddafi as a potential leader of all of Africa, in the role of spokesman. That of course has been destroyed. Gaddafi's mistakes included trusting the word of Washington and trusting Rome, Italy. A note on Kardinal Schoenborn. He is Tubingen agente 'Benediktos' Ratzinger's prime shadow in covering over all of the Vatican's misdeeds. Schoenborn plays the good guy, but he is totally in Benediktos' pocket. They will be of no real help to anyone. The Bavarian Guelph (and their central banks) have totally taken over the Vatican. They are core to the New World Order - the NWO is the Nazis and the Zionists and their puppet masters the Bavarian Guelph Illuminati. They hate all of Arab culture and Islam as standing in their way of the NWO ruling the world. Take care always good lady, it is about to get much worse for people everywhere.

The Justice of God: The mystery of iniquity.

The mystery of iniquity.

The Second Epistle of St. Paul to the Thessalonians

The day of the Lord is not to come till the man of sin be revealed. The apostle's teachings are to be observed.

2:1 And we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and of our gathering together unto him:
2:2 That you be not easily moved from your sense nor be terrified, neither by spirit nor by word nor by epistle. as sent from us, as if the day of the Lord were at hand.

Chap. 2. Ver. 2. Spirit . . . utterance. . . letter indicate three possible sources of their belief that the parousia is imminent. Spirit refers to some falsely claimed revelation, utterance may be a statement of Paul’s which was misunderstood, or wrongly attributed to him, the letter seems to be one forged in Paul’s name.

2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for unless there come a revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition

Ver. 3. . . The parousia must be preceded by a great apostasy, i.e., a great religious revolt, and the advent of the man of sin, i.e., Antichrist. Son of perdition, one entirely deserving of eternal punishment.

Ver. 3. The day of the Lord will not come. These words have been inserted to complete the sentence, which in the original is elliptical. The expanded reads "Let no man deceive you by any means: for the day of the Lord will not come unless there come a revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition"
2:4 Who opposeth and is lifted up above all that is called God or that is worshipped, so that he sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself as if he were God.

Ver. 4. In the temple, that of Apostate Jerusalem which the full consensus of the Church Fathers declare he will rebuild - i.e. the Temple of Remphan; and in the Apostate shell of the former Christian church, which he perverts to his own worship: as the Freemasons have done to the Vatican.
Ver. 4. Antichrist will be characterized by great impiety and pride. He sits in the temple of God, etc. He will aspire to be treated as God and proclaim that he is really God.
2:5 Remember you not that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
2:6 And now you know what restrains him, that he may be revealed in his proper time.
Ver. 6. What restrains him. The Thessalonians knew the obstacle. We also know that it is Jesus Christ.
2:7 For the mystery of iniquity is already at work: only that he who is at present restraining it, does still restrain, until he is gotten out of the way.
Ver. 7. Mystery of iniquity, the evil power of Satan’s threefold prevarication and total Apostasy from God, of which Antichrist is to be the public exponent and champion. He who is at present restraining it. The obstacle is now spoken of as a person. Some point out that Michael the archangel and his heavenly army are obstacles, and this is true, which now prevent the appearance of Antichrist – but the primary obstacle is, as St. Justin Martyr teaches: Jesus Christ Himself; when the great Apostasy is complete, then in effect, Christ is “gotten out of the way.”

2:8 And then that wicked one shall be revealed: whom the Lord Jesus shall kill with the spirit of his mouth and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: him

Ver. 8. When Christ appears in glory, He will inflict defeat and death on Antichrist by a mere word of command.

Look up, your redemption is at hand: St. Aphrahat the Persian Demonstration V.-Of Wars.:

St. Aphrahat the Persian Demonstration V.-Of Wars.

Tell El-Ubaid - the original Tower of Babel in the plain of Shinar, Mesopotamia - modern Iraq. Not far from there is ancient Babylon of the Bible, as well.

§2. Therefore because it is the time of the Evil One, hear in mystery that which I am writing for thee. For thus it is written:-Whatsoever is exalted amongst men is despicable before God.2 And again it is written:-Everyone who exalteth himself shall be abased, and everyone who humbleth himself shall be exalted.3 Also Jeremiah said:-Let not the mighty glory in his might, nor the rich in his riches.4 And again the blessed Apostle said:-Whosoever glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.5 And David said:-I saw the wicked exalted and lifted up as the cedar of Lebanon; and when I passed by he was not, and I sought him and found him not.6

Special Palestine Cry Blog articles: Europa & Palestine News « Kawther Salam: A Romantic Prison Overlooking a River, Cafe, Nightclub and Swimming Pool

Palestine Cry: The 'Nuen Kulturkampf' and the Judas knife in the back. The "knife which will be prepared by the Fathers of the last Council.’"

Concerning the two faithful Catholic Priests highlighted below, Father Micelli and before him Father Grimm. Both were Jesuits. Remember that there were two kinds of Jesuits on earth, those who worked for the Rule of Christ on earth and those (Judeo Illuminati Freemason infiltrators) who worked for the rule of Satan (these were the Judas knife in the back) on earth. They were as different as night and day. Father Micelli and before him Father Grimm were both of the Jesuits who worked for the Rule of Christ on earth.

The Kulturkampf (a "humanistic" movement of Satan) was one of many persecutions of the Catholic faithful who held true faith in Christ.

The 'Nuen Kulturkampf' is exhibited today in Germany and Austria and all of central Europe and all of Pan Europe and most especially the Vatican, this is the core of the Great Apostasy from Christ and is damned forever. This is the actual Risorgimento (begun 5 centuries before in secret but NOT YET, until Vatican II, poisoning the whole Church) of all of Europe and the World of the last half of the twentieth century lauded by the Antipope John Paul II who received his eternal non-reward in hell when as a drooling diabolic idiot he went to hell for all his blasphemy against the true God as will all who follow an antichrist like him, such as his behind the scenes Mephistopheles, Antipope Benedict Ratzinger XVI.


The Antichrist and the False Prophet 
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BEWARE The Synagogue of Satan and The Name and Number of the beast. 
click on picture


The Broken Cross of Antichrist - Come out of her my people! 
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Broken Cross of Sorcerers and false prophets 
who are only diabolic diviners - click on picture

Hellfire reserved for false prophets - click on picture


Evolutionary Pantheism - the idol of this lie of Satan - click on picture 
And go here Apostasy

The  are the basis for the Jews as the race that the Antichrist will come from.



Rebuilt Temple of Remphan in Jerusalem, Armour Bearer False Prophet of Antichrist and Crown of Hell click on picture


The Antichrist 
click on picture - broken cross in hand is sign of Antichrist

Vincent P. Miceli S.J. (1915 - June 2, 1991) a Catholic priest, theologian, and philosopher, was born in New York City, USA, in 1915. He was martyred by the Vatican assassins by a rigged car accident for Father Micelli's exposing them and the Apostate Vatican (home of the False Prophet) and Antichrist Israel (home of the Antichrist) and the coming of the Antichrist (the son of Perdition, ad Dajjall) for what they are.

Alois Grimm S.J. (October 24, 1886 - September 11, 1944) an anti-Nazi and firm staunch witness to Christ who opposed without compromise the Judeo-Pantheist Atheist machinations and horrors of the Nazis and was martyred by them for his faith in Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ fifty seven years to the day before the Neo-Nazi Vaticanista JudeNazi 'Israeli' Pan European {centered in Bavaria (the Nazi Ratzinger, now Antipope benedict xvi sprung from there) and the traitors of  'Anschluss' - Austria} cabal attacked the Twin Trade Towers and WTC7 and the Pentagon on 911.

Kulturkampf - from the Encyclopedia Brittanica
Kulturkampf, (German: “culture struggle”), the bitter struggle (c. 1871–87) on the part of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck to subject the Roman Catholic church to state controls. The term came into use in 1873, when the scientist and Prussian liberal statesman Rudolf Virchow declared that the battle with the Roman Catholics was assuming “the character of a great struggle in the interest of humanity.”

The Kulturkampf was the predecessor of Hitler's persecution of Christians in Nazi Germany. The Nazis did not persecute the Jews but were partners with them as indeed the Judeo Illuminati were behind EVERY revolution in all of Eurasia for centuries.

Book by Father Alois Grimm with review of him as the author:
Aschaffenburger Hauserbuch (Veroffentlichungen des Geschichts- und Kunstvereins Aschaffenburg e.V) (German Edition)

Aschaffenburger Hauserbuch - Veroffentlichungen des Geschichts- und Kunstvereins Aschaffenburg e.V - German Edition
Author: Alois Grimm
ISBN-13: 9783879650637
ISBN-10: 3879650632
Pages: 824
Publisher: Geschichts- und Kunstverein Aschaffenburg
Book Type: Hardcover 
Alois Grimm (* October 24, 1886 in Külsheim, Germany, hanged September 11, 1944 in Berlin) was a Martyr, Jesuit priest, Patristic scholar, educator, Grimm SJ, denunciated by SS soldiers for anti-German sentiments and sermons, was sentenced to death by the Nazis for undermining the Wehrmacht.
Early Years 
After graduation, young Grimm could not decide as to whether he should follow a navy career or become a priest. Together with his father he made a retreat with Jesuits in Holland, since the order was outlawed in Germany since the Kulturkampf. In the Fall of 1907, he entered the Society of Jesus. His philosophical and theological studies were interrupted by World War I, which he spent as a nurse in military hospitals. 1920 he was consecrated priest and took on the German Speaking Catholic Mission in Florence, Italy. From 1922 until1926 he studied classic languages, Latin and Greek, and history in Vienna and Heidelberg. From 1926 on he teaches at the Jesuit school, Kolleg Stella Matutina in Feldkirch Austria and after 1934 at the Kolleg St. Blasien in Germany.

Theological Research 
As patristic scholar, Grimm worked on a critical edition of the Ambrosiaster for the Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum CSEL in Vienna, Austria. The Ambrosiaster is a Latin commentary on Saint Paul, dating back to the fourth century. It exists in many manuscripts and was believed to be written by Ambrose of Milan. Grimm’s research were aimed at restoring the original Ambrosiaster and to create so called “families” familiae of versions in their historical sequence. This would allow Grimm, to recreate the original version. The authenticity of the Ambrosiaster was subject of several publications of Grimm.

Confrontation with National Socialism 
Alois Grimm was more than a professor for old languages and scholar. From a Christian perspective he opposed the Nazi ideology early on. This remained not unnoticed. A secular teacher at Kolleg St. Blasien, member of the NSDAP remarked, "Grimm talked in derogatory ways about our new ideology. I hope we will shut him up, for a long time, or better even, forever". Grimm was aware, that he was spied upon and its possible consequences: It would be my greatest honour and luck, if something happens to me.After the Jesuit Kolleg St. Blasien was closed by the Nazis, Father Grimm returned to Tisis, Austria, were he taught Latin in a nearby Catholic seminary and assisted in the local parish. In 1943, an SS soldier, in opposition to the Nazi regime, came to Grimm, and asked to be admitted to the Catholic Church. He attended regular private classes given by Father Grimm, had his wife and child baptized and finally presented “a friend” who wanted to enter the Church as well. October 1943, the Gestapo stopped at the rectory of the Parish , arrested Father Grimm and transferred him for interrogation to the infamous Gestapo prison in Innsbruck, Austria. There to Father Grimm’s great surprise was the “friend” a Gestapo agent, waiting for him.

Execution By Hanging 
Father Grimm was interrogated and mistreated by his “convert” and other Gestapo staff. After several weeks, he was transferred to Berlin, where he underwent torture, and further interrogations. On August 12, 1944, Roland Freisler of the Volksgerichtshof stripped Father Alois Grimm of all civil rights and sentenced him to death for undermining the fighting spirit of the German Wehrmacht in two instances. The two “converts both testified against Grimm, who stated, that he was trapped. Freisler screamed at him: 'Fishes are caught in different ways. I have to be very careful to catch a trout. If I want to catch a Jesuit, I have to use special methods. You swallowed it. That proved us right". His public defender, Lingenberg, wrote afterwards: "Father Grimm’s defence was one of the most horrible events in my whole life. It is a historical truth, which should not be forgotten, especially in a time, which tends to belittle the memory of the past".

After his death sentence, Grimm wrote: "The hour has come, I am going home into eternity. In a few hours, I will stand in front of my Judge, my Redeemer and my Father. It is God’s will, to be done everywhere. Don’t mourn over me, I am returning home, you have to wait. I give my life for the kingdom of God, which knows no end, for the society of Jesus, for the youth and religion of our home land". On the same day, September 11, 1944, Father Alois Grimm was hanged.

Five years after the execution, his ashes were given a resting place at the Kolleg St. Blasien by its Superior, Otto Faller: “Dear friend, this will be our vow on your silent grave, to live for the kingdom of God, which knows no end, for the society of Jesus, for the youth and religion of our home land. Farewell, dear friend. From now on, be custodian of this house and its ever renewing youth, protect us with your spirit and pray for us, so we may keep our promises, always”.

With these words, Kolleg St. Blasien was dedicated to Alois Grimm in 1949. Afterwards, other schools, buildings, streets were named after Father Alois Grimm. Today, in his hometown Kuelsheim, there is a Father Alois Grimm school. In the Jesuit Church in Innsbruck and in Pullach near Munich, Father Grimm is honoured with memorial plaques. Last year, a new building in St. Blasien was named after him. Benedicta Kempner, the wife of US attorney Robert Kempner, war crime tribunals in Nuremberg set Alois Grimm a memorial in her book on the persecution of Catholic priests during the Nazi era.

Quotes of Father Grimm 
We live in a time, in which the Church of God is under attack like never before. Not compassion or pity, honour is being demanded today. But if the orders of this world are contrary to the orders of Christ, then the orders of the World are obviously wrong. Every human authority, yes, the authority of a whole people too, has to step back, before the authority of Christ.
The suffering increases, the cross is getting heavier, as all seem to know. But Christ carrying his cross his our model, our consolation, even our joy. In front of us eternity full of light and the full victory of Christ, who will reign in truth forever. (1936) 
We live in a difficult time. Our responsibility before God and before the coming centuries will be enormous. Our prayer, work and sacrifice must contribute, so that the present and future belong to Christ. This is a large and beautiful calling, which should fill us with joy, despite of all the sufferings. This is not the time for petty jealousies or self-pity. Everything is at stake.(1937)

Benedicta Maria Kempner: Priester vor Hitlers Tribunalen. München 1967
Günther Schüly: Pater Alois Grimm. Kolleg Brief Weihnachten 1956, Kolleg St. Blasien 1956, PP. 35 — 48

Feldkirk, Austria and Brandenburg Germany both house prisons. Notice the resemblance to the Rothschild funded landscape of Nazified pillaged Occupied Palestine where camps and walls and centers of so called "justice" are used to oppress the indigenous people by the occupiers.


622 A.D. Hijra and 1967 A.D. Flight of Palestinians
click on picture

Just as Germany was Occupied by the Enabling Act (Nazi equivalent of the Patriot Act) which made the NSDAP, the Nazi Party headed by Hitler, sole dictators of Germany and Austria was Occupied by Anschluss by the Austrian collaborators and France was Occupied by collaboration of the Vichy Quislings, so was Palestine Occupied by the JudeNazi invaders after World War II who had "survived" the mythical hoaxacaust and astoundingly today nearly 7 decades later continue to increase in their "survival" numbers - even outnumbering the total number of Jews of that area at that time.

 Feldkirch Justizanstalt

Feldkirk Prison (Feldkirch Prison).

Feldkirk, Austria was the Headquarters of the exiled Vichy Regime of the French Nazi collaborationists during World War II.

Brandenburg Goerden Zuchthaus

Brandenburg-Görden (Brandenburg Goerden) Prison.

NOTE in the below the role of Heroic-Materialistic Pantheistic Germany, led by the Kaiser, in opposing Christ and His Church, this and the Socialist Communist and all of the revolutionary movements of the 18th and 19th centuries (all permeated by the Illuminati) paved the way for the two outgrowths of them all in the twentieth century and both of which are still with us today in the twenty first century. Collectively they are the New World Order, they are Nazism/Neo-Nazism and Judeo/Zionist/Communism. The Gods of Atheism by Father Micelli sums up the god/gods/goddesses they serve - all of which collectively are Satan and the fallen angels and the demons. The True God and Lord, the Father and His Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, at the Second Coming of Our Lord Jesus Christ will destroy all of them and their followers into the lake of fire forever.

Look up, your redemption is at hand: Israel is the Nation of the Antichrist = Dajjal: The Antitheotokos

Traditional and proper view of Papal primacy

Pius XI in Mortalium Animus did not allow infidel and false religions to be held in honor at all with the true profession of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and His Gospel. That is necessary for a Pope to be a Pope or they are only an apostate and have nothing to do with Christ nor with His Gospel nor with His faithful.

Pope St. Pius X and many Popes and Patriarchs have relied on the teaching authority of tradition untainted with modernist heresies for how they teach. In contrast the totally false base of papal ratification/infallibility is a modernist invention promulgated at Vatican II. A form of Papal Ex Cathedra pronouncement of WHAT THE CHURCH HAD ALWAYS TAUGHT ALL THE WAY BACK TO THE APOSTLES AND JESUS CHRIST HIMSELF as an infallible pronouncement was proposed at Vatican I. However, because of the enemy of Christ at that time, namely Bismarck of Germany, the council was recessed and never reopened because of the threat of Bismarck's armies. As should be noted here, Bismarck, the Chancellor of the Second Reich (Note that Adolph Hitler was Chancellor of the Third Reich.) was a proponent of the higher criticism and a sponsor of that atheism in modernist pseudo-sheep's clothing, which declared that Jesus Christ really never existed, at least not the way that the Church professed Him to be the Incarnate Son of God. Bismarck’s views came from the evolutionary Pantheism-Monism in vogue among Apostates at that time. A council that is recessed but not formally closed, as is the case with Vatican I, is not canonically declared nor any doctrines proposed there nor any pronouncements of such a council. The version of infallible pronouncement considered by Vatican I would have been the same as many general (referred to today as ecumenical) councils of the Church have declared in the past. What Pope Pius IX, because of his former liberalism which he then quite rightly rejected and rebounded very hard from and then was also threatened by Bismarck, pushed for was too much in terms of Papal infallibility and caused the schism between East and West to widen even further. The doctrine Pius IX proposed a few years earlier, namely the Immaculate Conception of Mary, rested on the acceptance of the new Papal infallibility. Without the formal closing of the Council and then the promulgation of doctrines thereby none of these doctrines were ever declared. The council was never formally closed and therefore none of the doctrines proposed then have ever been declared. Also, the council of Trent (1570 A.D.) stated unequivocally that no doctrine may be declared by anyone (this includes Popes, Patriarchs etc.) ever, then, now and in the future that does not have the support of the full consensus of the Church Fathers. No one may declare any doctine that is otherwise. This is doctrine and tradition and can not be compromised and is to be held by all the faithful until and at the time of Jesus Christ's return from heaven in the flesh He ascended into heaven with.

Papal ratification/infallibilty is totally different. It states that a pope by virtue of being the pope can declare whatever he wants and God will ratify it at the pope's command. This is blasphemy and total apostate heresy for it is nothing other than the ancient pagan theurgy whereby pharaohs and kings and Caesars etc. of pagan nations declared themselves living gods served by the pagan gods and as absolute tyrannical dictators over the people. The Roman Caesars who lived this way were totally rejected by the early Church. Christians were martyred rather than offer incense to Caesar. This included several Popes of early Rome who were martyred for this reason. The early Church, including these Popes, also totally rejected and anathematized anyone, especially the Gnostics who did say this, who suggested that any Bishop, including the Pope of Rome, had the authority to cause God to accept any doctrine they would tell God He must accept.

No ukase by any Caesar including and especially the current pretenders to the papacy can change this doctrine of the faith: 'that to be a Christian one will and must and shall at all times reject all other gods and worship and serve the True God alone - The Father and the Son, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.' The first major transgression of this in Rome, in the recent centuries, was by a Pope who started out as an orthodox proponent of the Faith. When Pius XII (who wrote faithfully and brilliantly to defend the faith on many occasions) forced the acceptance of the assumption of Mary body and soul, based on the never declared doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, into heaven at the end of her earthly life (which would have been in the first century A.D.), he forced absolute heresy on the Church. The Masonic provoked apparitions of Mary were all banned until, unlawfully, Antipope Paul VI lifted the ban in 1969. The apparitions were the main force behind the push to approve the heretical doctrines of the Immaculate Conception of Mary and the Assumption of Mary. The apparition at Fatima of the Sun being turned around was prophesied by St. Hippolytus (martyred 236 A.D.) as Diabolic and of the Antichrist. When those two false doctrines of the Immaculate Conception of Mary and the Assumption of Mary were combined, at Vatican II and after, with the arch heretic and Communist Sergei Bulgakov’s heresies concerning Mary being a fourth hypostasis of God - then this false Mary was transformed into the Antitheotokos which is the consort of the Antichrist, who will come to oppose the Church. The faithful of the Church must not and will not accept any of this. Christ alone is the Immaculate Conception by the Holy Spirit and the blessed virgin Mary and Christ alone is the first born from the dead in the flesh. Any early resurrection of Mary would make her a goddess which God will never do and she is not nor would she ever agree with or want such an abomination in her name. In Divine response to Pius XII’s immense and unacceptable blunder in eight years he was dead and the conclave in that year, 1958, saw the election of the first of several Antipopes, John XXIII, which ushered in the Great Apostasy of Vatican II; Cardinal Siri was rightfully elected at the 1958 conclave and was Pope Gregory XVII, but reigned in exile in silence due to the death threat against his family by the partisans of Antipope John XXIII and those Antipopes after John XXIII. Now that Siri has died in 1988, truly the throne is vacant. The Antipopes were and are John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul I, John Paul II and Benedict XVI.

The Church Fathers, especially as referred to here, are by definition an exact group ending with and not later than St. John Damascene in the East in the eighth century A.D. and in the West in the seventh century A.D. St. Isadore of Seville and Pope St. Gregory the Great, Pope of Rome (who said that any bishop who declared himself in charge of the whole Church, instead of all bishops, including the Pope of Rome, having no more than equal authority, with Rome among other Patriarchal sees and none of them coercing others, was in fact, the precursor of the Antichrist).

The Arch Evil Council of Vatican II proposed a meaningless cosmic Adam and non-literal creation by a nonexistent pantheistic non-God ruled over by a cosmic Jesus Christ (Gnostic false Christ - actually Satan) and the Antitheotokos (Mary as premature resurrected and ascended goddess - Christ alone is resurrected and ascended until His return - John 3:13 And no one [nemo in Latin, oudeis in Greek - literally 'no one'] hath ascended into heaven, but He that descended from heaven, the Son of man who is in heaven.). All of this was based on their ultimate Antichrist Judeo Mason document of Nostra Aetate which put the eternal enemies of Christ, the apostate perfidious nation of Jews guilty of Deicide, as gods above all infidel pagan religions. They put that abomination in place of the Gospel of Christ and all of this as the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place of Our Lord Jesus Christ's Church, His Body, which He died for.

The Antipopes, in addition to pretending to authority over the entire Church - which they could never have, spew forth the Satanic nonsense of Nostra Aetate. They and all who follow them will go into hell at the return of Christ.

Look up, your redemption is at hand: Nuzul i Isa, the Parousia of Isa al-Maseeh

Holy Qur’an
Surah 75
075.039 And of him [Adam] He made two sexes, male and female.

075.040 Has not He [Allah, God], (the same), the power to give life to the dead? [the Resurrection]
The same God who created everything as He has literally told us in the Holy Bible (Old and New Testaments) and the Holy Qur’an is the one and only God, the blessed Trinity, who at the Return of Christ, will resurrect all men to judgment.



In vain, then, do some babble with most empty presumption, who say that Egyptian astronomy has a history of more than a hundred thousand years! For in what books have theycollected that number who learned letters from Isis their mistress, not much more than two thousand years ago? Varro, who has declared this, is no small authority in history, and it does not disagree with the truth of the divine books. For since six thousand years have not yet elapsed from the days of Adam, the first man, are not those to be ridiculed rather than refuted who try to persuade us of anything regarding a space of time so different from, and contrary to, the ascertained truth? For what historian of the past should we credit more than him who has also predicted things to come which we now see fulfilled? (referring to the biblical authors, not even Varro) And the very disagreement of the historians among themselves furnishes a good reason why we ought rather to believe him who does not contradict the divine history which we hold. But, on the other hand, the citizens of the impious city, scattered everywhere through the earth, when they read the most learned writers, none of whom seems to be of contemptible authority, and find them disagreeing among themselves about affairs most remote from the memory of our age, cannot find out whom they ought to trust. But we, being sustained by divine authority in the history of our religion, have no doubt that whatever is opposed to it is wholly false, while in regard to other things in secular books we remain indifferent. For, whether true or false, they make no important contribution to our living righteous and happy lives.

And see:
Traditional Catholic Prayers: A prayer for conversion

Traditional Catholic Prayers: August 2011

Traditional Catholic Prayers: The Justice of God: Parousia of Jesus Christ Our Lord

Parousia of Jesus Christ Our Lord

The Apocalypse, the Book of the Revelation: 13.


1 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; Dan.: 7:3; Rev.: 12:3; 17:3
2 … Scripture reference –
3 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
4 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
5 … Scripture reference –
6 … Scripture reference –
7 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 12:17
8 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8; 20:15!; 21:27; Ps.: 68:29!; Rev.: 14:12
9 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:7!
10 … Scripture reference – Jer.: 43:11; Mt.: 26:52; Rev.: 14:12
11 … Scripture reference –
12 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13: 3,4
13 … Scripture reference –
14 … Scripture reference –
15 … Scripture reference –
16 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:9; 20:4
17 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
18 … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:9
The Beast of the Sea
1 ¶ (12-18) And he stood upon the sand of the sea. (13-1) And I saw a beast [1] coming up out the sea, having seven heads and ten horns: and upon his horns, ten diadems: and upon his heads, names of blasphemy. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; Dan.: 7:3; Rev.: 12:3; 17:3
2 And the beast which I saw was like to a leopard: and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his own strength and great power. … Scripture reference –
3 And I saw one of his heads as it were slain to death: and his death’s wound was healed. And all the earth was in admiration after the beast. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
4 And they adored the dragon which gave power to the beast. And they adored the beast, saying: Who is like to the beast? And who shall be able to fight with him? … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13:12; 17:8
5 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies: and power was given to him to do, two and forty months.
6 And he opened his mouth unto blasphemies against God, to blaspheme his name and his tabernacle and them that dwell in heaven.
7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And power was given him over every tribe and people and tongue and nation. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 11:7!; 12:17
8 And all that dwell upon the earth adored him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb which was slain from the beginning of the world. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:8; 20:15!; 21:27; Ps.: 68:29!; Rev.: 14:12
9 If any man have an ear, let him hear. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 2:7!
10 He that shall lead into captivity shall go into captivity: he that shall kill by the sword must be killed by the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. [2] … Scripture reference – Jer.: 43:11; Mt.: 26:52; Rev.: 14:12
The Beast of the Earth
11 ¶ And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth: and he had two horns, like a lamb: and he spoke as a dragon.
12 And he executed all the power of the former beast in his sight. And he caused the earth and them that dwell therein to adore the first beast, whose wound to death was healed. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 13: 3,4
13 And he did great signs, so that he made also fire to come down from heaven unto the earth, in the sight of men.
14 And he seduced them that dwell on the earth, for the signs which were given him to do in the sight of the beast: saying to them that dwell on the earth that they should make the image of the beast which had the wound by the sword and lived.
15 And it was given him to give life to the image of the beast: and that the image of the beast should speak: and should cause that whosoever will not adore the image of the beast should be slain.
16 And he shall make all, both little and great, rich and poor, freemen and bondmen, to have a character [3] in their right hand or on their foreheads: … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:9; 20:4
17 And that no man might buy or sell, but he that hath the character, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. … Scripture reference – Rev.: 14:11!
18 Here is wisdom. He that hath understanding, let him count the number of the beast. For it is the number of a man: and the number of him is six hundred sixty-six. {See this link - 
666 -} [4] … Scripture reference – Rev.: 17:9
[1] -Ver. 1. The picture of the first beast is based on the seventh chapter of Daniel. This beast is the figure of the kingdoms of the world, kingdoms founded on passion and
selfishness, which in every age are antagonistic to Christ and seek to oppress the ,servants of God. Imperial Rome represents this power.
[2] -Ver. 10. The weapons of the saints are faith and patience; they must accept sufferings and persecution as Christ did His cross.
[3] -Ver. 16. Character (mark): as slaves received a brand or a mark in their flesh, indicating to whom they belonged, so in the spiritual conflict there is on the side of good and of evil a
brand or mark. St. Paul spoke of such marks in his own body that proved him a slave of Jesus Christ [Gal. 6, 17]. So the false prophet seeks to, impress a mark on all. What this mark is will be manifested in its time.
[4] -Ver. 18. Six hundred and sixty-six: the original type of the number is that it represents the name Caesar Neron, which in Hebrew characters make up the number 666. (Hebrew words read right to left) — Hebrew letters for Kaiser (Caesar) Neron (Nero) = nrwn ksr = (Hebrew in parentheses) 100 (Kop)+ 60 (Samek)+ 200 (Res)+ 50 (Nun)+ 200 (Res)+ 6 (Waw)+ 50 (Nun) = 666. {Additional source for nrwn ksr and each numeric equivalent: The Anchor Bible Dictionary volume IV – page 1145.} The final Gematria/Isosephia alpha-numeric name is known to God. It symbolizes extreme imperfection, for each digit is one short of seven, the number that signifies perfection; it tells us, as the Church Fathers and Doctors all agree, prophetically, of the name the Antichrist will bear. The Fathers concur emphatically that the number is 666 and not 616 as some corrupt manuscripts mistakenly read.


Benediktos 666 Antipope - false prophet
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and God's word on Peace and Security:

God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: Pax et Securitatis

Pax et Securitatis

Pax et Securitatis is the ancient Roman pagan religious inscription on the altar of Caesar in Thessalonika. It meant worship Caesar and be secure under the Roman peace - or die. (see St. Paul's letter to the Thessalonians here in 1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, peace and security; then shall sudden destruction come upon them, as the pains upon her that is with child, and they shall not escape.) Both Muslim and Christian martyrs throughout time have chosen to worship God instead of whatever version of Caesar has claimed a false title of divinity for himself. The final Dajjal, Antichrist will claim to be god. See 2Thess 2:[3] Let no man deceive you by any means, for unless there come a revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition, [4] Who opposeth, and is lifted up above all that is called God, or that is worshipped, so that he sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself as if he were God. [5] Remember you not, that when I was yet with you, I told you these things?

St. Paul foretells the death and destruction of Dajjal and his corrupt empire by 'Isa al-Maseeh.
Romania is named Romania after the ancient Latin speaking Romans who settled there. Romania is still torn by Pax et Securitatis.

God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: Sowing the Seeds of Global Government: The Vatican’s Quest for a World Political Authority

Sowing the Seeds of Global Government: The Vatican’s Quest for a World Political Authority
See these articles: Vatican (9)

' While Pope Benedict’s perspective on the global economy was a perplexing blend of free-market and social welfare ideals, what raised eyebrows were his thoughts on international politics. In section 67 of Caritas in Veritate, the Pope dropped an ideological bombshell – a world authority to "manage the economy," bring about "timely disarmament," and ensure "food security and peace." '

Sowing the Seeds of Global Government: The Vatican’s Quest for a World Political Authority

Sowing the Seeds of Global Government:
The Vatican’s Quest for a World Political Authority
By Carl Teichrib, Chief Editor
Forcing ChangeVolume 3, Issue 8. September, 2009
Emphasis added

“Most of us are not competitors… We are the stakes. For the competition is about who will establish the first one-world system of government.... No one can be exempted from its effects. No sector of our lives will remain untouched.”1 – Malachi Martin.

In 1990, a former Vatican-insider claimed that a titanic struggle was being waged to bring about a world political system. This contest, the now deceased Jesuit explained, was primarily between three players: international Leninismtransnational business elites, and the hand of the Vatican. 
Almost twenty years have passed since Malachi Martin drew attention to this three-way quest. At the time his assertions seemed over-the-top. Granted, the idea of a world government via communism wasn’t new as decades of Cold War posturing still played in our minds. And the writing was on the wall in respect to the growing power of international corporate and financial elites, exemplified by the likes of David Rockefeller and the Trilateral Commission.

But the Vatican?

For many, the belief that the Holy See was pursing a vision of world government was simply too much. After all, this ancient hub of Roman Catholicism had a reputation – especially among Europe’s agnostic youth – as an institution of old men, steeped in tradition, procession and ceremony. Never mind that the history of the Continent, more often than not, revolved around the Vatican’s political prowess. 
In the summer of 2009, the Holy See’s political cards were revealed in a major papal document. Harkening back to Malachi Martin’s talk of world government, the most powerful religious office on the planet had promoted a world political authority to manage the global economy. Food security, disarmament, and peace would follow suit. 
A sound global economy and world peace are noble sounding goals, to be sure. But the danger lurks in that the seeds of tyranny are often buried in the soil of good intentions.
[ See The Justice of God: Pax et Securitatis and God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: Pax et Securitatis ]

On July 7th, Pope Benedict released his new encyclical titled Caritas in Veritate, or "Charity in Truth." Two years in the making, this document was disclosed on the eve of the G8 Summit in Italy and the Pope’s meeting with US President Barack Obama. Some 30,000 words long, this encyclical outlined the Pope’s concerns regarding globalization and economics, corporate ethics, and the role of the Catholic Church in promoting social doctrine.

Commenting on the encyclical, The New York Times noted that, "sometimes Benedict sounds like an old-school European socialist…"2 And The San Francisco Chronicleexplained that,

"Caritas in Veritate addresses very modern issues such as globalization, market economy, hedge funds, outsourcing, and alternative energy, calling for people to put aside greed and let their consciences guide them in economic and environmental decisions. Many of the ideas put forward would likely rankle conservatives…"3

E.J. Dionne, a columnist for The Washington Post, gushed that Benedict is "well to Obama’s left on economics."4

While Pope Benedict’s perspective on the global economy was a perplexing blend of free-market and social welfare ideals, what raised eyebrows were his thoughts on international politics. In section 67 of Caritas in Veritate, the Pope dropped an ideological bombshell – a world authority to "manage the economy," bring about "timely disarmament," and ensure "food security and peace."

Here is a major part of section 67. The reference to a "world political authority" is very clear, and Pope Benedict explains that this international agency should be given thepower of enforcement... "real teeth."

"In the face of the unrelenting growth of global interdependence, there is a strongly felt need, even in the midst of a global recession, for a reform of the United Nations Organization, and likewise of economic institutions and international finance, so that the concept of the family of nations can acquire real teeth.
"One also senses the urgent need to find innovative ways of implementing the principle of the responsibility to protect and of giving poorer nations an effective voice in shared decision-making. This seems necessary in order to arrive at a political, juridical and economic order which can increase and give direction to international cooperation for the development of all peoples in solidarity.
"To manage the global economy; to revive economies hit by the crisis; to avoid any deterioration of the present crisis and the greater imbalances that would result; to bring about integral and timely disarmamentfood security and peace; to guarantee the protection of the environment and to regulate migration: for all this, there is urgent need of a true world political authority, as my predecessor Blessed John XXIII indicated some years ago.
"Such an authority would need to be regulated by law, to observe consistently the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, to seek to establish the common good, and to make a commitment to securing authentic integral human development inspired by the values of charity in truth. Furthermore, such an authority would need to be universally recognized and to be vested with the effective power to ensure security for all, regard for justice, and respect for rights. Obviously it would have to have the authority to ensure compliance with its decisions from all parties, and also with the coordinated measures adopted in various international forums."
Immediate controversy surrounded this paragraph, with some Catholics quickly attempting to distance the idea that the Holy See would support world government.

Hierarchy Of Power

John-Henry Westen, writing for LifeSiteNews, stated unequivocally that the Pope was speaking "directly against a one-world government." Westen’s justification for this position was the Pope’s call for a "dispersed political authority" in paragraph 41 – a reference to the role of States in the international system. Westen also brought up the use of the word "subsidiarity" in section 57 as a strike against world government.

This is an important point: Subsidiarity is the Catholic social teaching that issues should be dealt with at the lowest level possible. In many respects it builds on the theme of self-determination, and in this sense it would seem antithetical to a world authority.

Section 57 of Caritas in Veritate says,

"In order not to produce a dangerous universal power of a tyrannical nature, the governance of globalization must be marked by subsidiarity, articulated into several layers and involving different levels that can work together. Globalization certainly requires authority, insofar as it poses the problem of a global common good that needs to be pursued. This authority, however, must be organized in a subsidiary and stratified way, if it is not to infringe upon freedom and if it is to yield effective results in practice."

Mr. Westen, who claims that Benedict’s use of subsidiarity opposes world government, has misdiagnosed this section. The Pope is not speaking against one-world government by evoking subsidiarity; instead he’s offering a hierarchical model upon which to build an international authority. Essentially, where issues can be dealt with at the local or national level, let them be handled in this domain. And where issues are global and cannot be adequately addressed at a lower level, then a world authority is necessary.

Pope Benedict also suggested that subsidiarity could be a safety value that checks the power of a universal government against taking on tyrannical traits. But to propose that subsidiarity is a counter to tyranny is unconvincing – it can’t even check the expansion of over-government today.

John Laughland, author of The Tainted Source: The Undemocratic Origins of the European Idea, noted that, "…the German constitution has become increasingly centralised as a result of its subsidiarity clause." The European Union also incorporates this concept, yet that hasn’t stopped the EU from centralizing political power and amassing a super-bloated bureaucracy. Subsidiarity, according to Laughland, is a model that assumes a "unitarian, pyramidal hierarchy of executive functions" with a decidedly corporatist doctrine.6

Subsidiarity can even be found in the UN system. Professor Robert Araujo explains that, "the principle of subsidiarity is recognized as a fundamental principle of the United Nations Organization."7 Here, the concept is centered on self-determination under article 1, paragraph 2 of the UN Charter. Yet this doesn’t stop the UN from seeking empowered international jurisdiction under the banner of "reform."
It’s important to note that subsidiarity does allow for grassroots decision-making and self-direction, but it’s within the context of a broader perspective. Professor Araujo explains that it’s a "a concept synthesizing the interests of the individual with those of the community." Hence, it’s not difficult to see how this principle can align itself with a world authority – you can pursue local political direction, but where local involvement ends then other levels of government step up for the "common good."

To say that Pope Benedict opposes world government because he evoked subsidiarity misses the point: subsidiarity plays a functioning role in a hierarchy of increasing political powers. What paragraph 57 demonstrates is not an aversion to world government, but the order of decision-making Benedict believes it should be based upon.

Reform And World Authority
Paragraph 67 of Caritas in Veritate is overtly political in nature. Here’s a breakdown of some key points.

"Reform the United Nations" – UN reform centers on more than just "voting changes" or "transparency." Rather, reform is connected to world taxation, a global enforcement component, and the creation of an international parliament. A small mountain of reports and documents that support this version of reform already exist, supported by the United Nations, national governments, and pro-UN groups such as the World Federalist Movement and the Club of Rome.8 In fact, this platform of international taxation, enforcement, and a world parliament were major discussion points at the UN Millennium Forum – particularly during the sessions hosted by the working group on "Strengthening and Democratizing the United Nations."9

Cliff Kincaid, the editor of Accuracy in Media, noted the linkages between reform and global governance in section 67 of the papal text.

"…he ‘reform’ of the U.N. is designed to strengthen it. Hence, the U.N. is clearly destined, from the Vatican point of view, to become the World Political Authority."10

Reform of the UN goes far beyond new office furniture.

"Responsibility to protect" – Known as R2P, this is a world federalist ideal that would give the UN a mandate to intervene domestically when a nation commits human rights violations. It sounds good on the surface, but critics – and even some advocates – realize that such a mandate may open Pandora’s Box.

José E. Alvarez, President of the American Society of International Law, recognized this situation while addressing a conference on international law at The Hague in 2007. R2P, he suggested, could be used as a pretext to engage in all sorts of questionable, interventionist actions.11

Nobody in their right mind wishes for any people group to experience genocide or gross injustices. R2P, however, is a seriously flawed concept that has the potential for grave abuses. From a world management perspective, the Right to Protect becomes the legal justification for a world political authority to act militarily. The danger lurks in that the seeds of tyranny are often buried in the soil of good intentions.
For more on the R2P concept see Volume 2, Issue 7 of Forcing Change ( – "Kosovo and the International Community: Just Another Pawn in the Game."

"To manage the global economy" – This is already being discussed within the international community, and it’s looking like the new world financial order will be a top-down power structure that will greatly empower existing global institutions:

Bank for International Settlements – to become the global banking regulator. The BIS is fast setting itself up as the international banking manager, a body that will oversee the world’s banks and financial system, including the regulation of international capital. An entity of this kind would be equivalent to a banker’s "king of the hill." The Los Angeles Times wrote last year that,

"…such a system would force countries to give up a measure of national sovereignty over banks operating within their borders. It also could lead to international bureaucrats trying to shape financial policy and possibly taking punitive action."

International Monetary Fund – to become the world reserve currency bank. Under this scheme, the IMF would be charged with regulating a new global currency to be used in world trade, including the energy sector. Collaborating with the World Bank, the IMF would likewise use this new currency unit for international loans and debt obligations. National and regional currencies would still exist, at least for the interim, but values would react and adjust according to new global benchmarks.

World Trade Organization – becoming the global trade regulator. The WTO would establish the rules for the trading of goods and services via a globally organized set of standard, a process it’s currently working through. National trade policies would hereafter line up with accepted world practices. All of this is already happening, but there’s a further link between global free trade and a new international financial system. Richard Cooper, while advocating a single global reserve currency, noted the following in a 1984 conference sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston,

"It would be logical if free [world] trade accompanied this single currency regime. That would also be consistent with the collaborative political spirit that would be required to establish the single currency regime. Free trade would insure one market in goods as well as in financial instruments."12

United Nations – fast becoming the global ethics and governance agency. The UN would give moral input and political guidance to the newly managed world economy. In essence, this body would become the "planetary consciousness," shaping consumer and political attitudes, values, and behaviors. This too is already happening. At the end of June, the UN hosted a conference that outlined an accepted social norm for the global economy: an Earth-centric worldviewinternational socialism, and a New Age vision of planetary evolution.

Remember, Benedict’s world political authority is supposed to manage the global economy. How will the execution of this mandate happen? Will the world authority operate as an umbrella to the above-mentioned groups? Can the United Nations reform to the point of being this global economic manager?

Caritas in Veritate gave us a glimpse into the world authority’s directives, but it didn’t give operational specifics. Has the Holy See actually fleshed out the details: maybe outlining the process through an internal working document? If so, it would be a very interesting read! Or, in only offering generalities, does the Vatican expect other major players – such as the United Nations or World Federalist Movement – to hammer out the particulars? If so, where does that place the Vatican in this world government framework? Observer? Advisor? Overseer?

A lot of perplexing questions arise, and so they should.

NOTE: For information and analysis on the above-mentioned UN conference, check out the Forcing Change ( report, "Building a New Common Future: Twisting Faith and Finance in a Global Order" (July, 2009). For more on the move to a single global currency, see the Forcing Change articles, "One World, One Money" (Volume 1, Issue 12), and "The Joseph Principle and Crisis Economics" (Volume 2, Issue 9).

"An authority… regulated by law" – Governments the world over are regulated by internal laws and accountability measures, yet this doesn’t stop abuses, corruption, or even tyranny from entering the picture. The idea that a world authority could be kept in check by a system of world law doesn’t hold water.

"True world political authority" – This isn’t a moral or spiritual ideal propagated by the Holy See, but the vision of an actual world government. This is evident in the overall context of section 67 and in the wording itself: a "world political authority."

No doubt the papal office desires to see a spiritual standard incorporated into this political entity, based in large part on the social teachings of the Catholic Church. However, this in no way guarantees that a world authority will act in good will. As history bears out, the Vatican itself is far from immune in this regard, and "holders of power" tend to amass power.

Remember the words of Lord Acton, a Catholic historian who penned the following in response to the Vatican’s unquestioning authority: "Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely."13

Following A Tradition
Pope Benedict’s promotion of world government didn’t happen in a vacuum. Since the 1950s the Holy See has consistently moved to support an empowered United Nations and world political authority.

Pope Pius XII: On April 6, 1951, Pope Pius XII had a meeting in the Vatican with the World Movement for World Federal Government – a precursor to the World Federalist Movement. During that meeting, Pope Pius encouraged his "world government" audience to continue in this quest.

"Your movement, Gentlemen, has the task of creating an effective political organization of the world. There is nothing more in keeping with the traditional doctrines of the Church, or better adapted to her teachings on the rightful or unjust war, especially in the present world situation. An organization of this nature must, therefore, be set up…"
The Pope then explained, rightly so, that the "deadly germs of mechanical totalitarianism" might infect this "world political organization." However, in noting this possibility, he reminded the attendees to pursue a morally firm world federalist approach. Ending his meeting, the Pope encouraged his audience to pursue this grand idea.

"…you have the courage to give yourself to this cause. We congratulate you. We would express to you Our wishes for your entire success and with all Our heart We will pray to God to grant you His wisdom and help in the performance of your task."14

Pope John XXIII: In his 1963 encyclical, Pacem in Terris, Pope John XXIII called for an international public authority with a "world-wide sphere of activity" to deal with global problems. This authority would be "equipped with world-wide power and adequate means for achieving the universal common good," although it could not establish itself through force: "it must be set up with the consent of all nations."

In contemplating how this system would work, John XXIII called upon the principle of subsidiarity, saying that this should be applied "to the relations between the public authority of the world community and the public authorities of each political community."

Subsidiarity here, like Benedict’s use of the term, doesn’t negate a world authority – it simply imposes a hierarchical structure that recognizes each level, from the bottom-to-the-top, as a key to the process.15

Pope Paul VI: While speaking at the United Nations in 1965, the adulation coming from the pope was palatable. During his talk he praised the UN system as "the obligatory path of modern civilization and world peace."

"The edifice which you have constructed must never fall; it must be perfected, and made equal to the needs which world history will present. You mark a stage in the development of mankind, from which retreat must never be admitted…Advance always! ...Let unanimous trust in this Institution grow, let its authority increase."
Alas, Pope Paul VI called for a world government.

"Is there anyone who does not see the necessity of coming thus progressively to the establishment of a world authority, able to act efficaciously on the juridical and political levels?"16

Pope John Paul II: In his 1995 speech to the UN, John Paul reflected on the historical connections between the Vatican and the world body.

"The Holy See, in virtue of its specifically spiritual mission, which makes it concerned for the integral good of every human being, has supported the ideals and goals of the United Nations Organization from the very beginning. Although their respective purposes and operative approaches are obviously different, the Church and the United Nations constantly find wide areas of cooperation on the basis of their common concern for the human family."17

Although Pope John Paul II butted heads with the United Nations over family issues, he did place enormous importance on pursuing political systems of world law. In 1985 he spoke to judges at the International Court of Justice, telling them that,

"The Holy See attaches great importance to its collaboration with the United Nations Organization and the various organisms which are a vital part of its work. The Church’s interest in the International Court of Justice goes back to the very beginnings of this Tribunal and to the events that were linked to its establishment…

"The Church has consistently supported the development of an international administration of justice and arbitration as a way of peace fully resolving conflicts and as part of the evolution of a world legal system…

"Strictly speaking, the present Court is no more – but it is also no less – than an initial step towards what we hope will one day be a totally effective judicial authority in a peaceful world."18 [italics in original]

In other speeches and writings, such as his encyclical Sollicitudo rei Socialis, John Paul called for a strengthening of world law and a "greater degree of international ordering."19None of this has the same blatancy as Pope Benedict’s recommendation for a "world political authority," but it does follow a common political theme – enlarged and enhanced global governance.

Pope Benedict’s idea of a "world political authority" didn’t spring out of thin air. Rather, through successive papal offices stretching back to at least Pius XII,20 the Holy See has nurtured visions of an international politic.

Influencing Princes and Paupers

The fact that a religious leader has called for a world authority is interesting in itself, but because this emanates from the papal office, an extra measure of attention is warranted.

We cannot overlook the influence wielded by the Holy See. The Pope is vastly different in relation to other religious figures when it comes to global significance. It’s true that some Protestant and evangelical leaders are consulted by political elites; and government officials often court the heads of other religions, such as the Dalai Lama. But all of this pales to the historical and contemporary powers of the papal office.

For centuries the Holy See has been the centerpiece of European political affairs.

Its history is replete with geo-political intrigues, papal wars, and the rise and fall of national powers. Royalty from every corner of the Continent have traveled to Rome seeking an audience with the Pope, hoping for papal favor. Moreover, the Vatican has been ahub for banking interests, espionage, and transnational business dealings.21 And today, just as in the past, Presidents and Prime Ministers bow before the Pope, seeking his counsel, and privately discussing matters of great political, economic, and social importance.

Eric Frattini, the author of The Entity: Five Centuries of Secret Vatican Espionage, gives us a window into this geo-political world.

"The papacy, the supreme authority at the head of the Catholic Church, is the oldest established institution in the world. It was the only institution to flourish during the Middle Ages, a leading actor in the Renaissance, and a protagonist in the battles of the Reformation, the Counter-Reformation, the French Revolution, the industrial era, and the rise and fall of communism. For centuries, making full use of their famous ‘infallibility,’ popes brought their centralized power to bear on the social outcomes of unfolding historical events…

"…throughout history, the papacy has always displayed two faces: that of the worldwide leadership of the Catholic Church and that of one of the planet’s bestpolitical organizations. While the popes were blessing their faithful on the one hand, on the other, they were receiving foreign ambassadors and heads of states and dispatching legates and nuncios on special missions."22

And standing behind the Pope is a worldwide following of devout Catholics, who may not agree with world government, but who are nevertheless committed to the Roman Catholic Church – thus supportive of the Pontiff. Avro Manhattan, a critic of the Holy See, correctly made the correlation between the Vatican’s power and it’s faithful.

"What gives the Vatican its tremendous power is not its diplomacy as such, but the fact that behind its diplomacy stands the Church, with all its manifold world-embracing activities…

"…The Vatican diplomacy is so influential and can exert such great power in the diplomatic-political field because it has at its disposal the tremendous machinery of a spiritual organization with ramifications in every country of the planet. In other words, the Vatican, as a political power, employs the Catholic Church as a religious institution to assist the attainment of its goals. These goals, in turn, are sought mainly to further the spiritual interests of the Catholic Church.

"…the Catholic Hierarchy automatically reacts upon those innumerable religious, cultural, social, and finally political, organizations connected with the Catholic Church, which although tied to the Church primarily on religious grounds, can at given moments be made either directly or indirectly to serve political ends."23

The point is this: No other religious leader on the planet holds such political and economic influence within a religious framework. Consider just the number of adherents that make up the backbone of the Church of Roman: In the US, Catholics make up approximately 22% of the populace, and of the world’s total, 17% – or about 1.14 billion people.24That’s why Pope Benedict’s call for a "world political authority" is so significant; what he says influences leaders and laymen alike by the hundreds of millions.

If the local Baptist pastor or Mennonite preacher, with a flock of a few dozen or a few hundred, appealed for a UN-styled "world political authority" it wouldn’t mean much beyond the pews of that particular church. The congregants would either cheer the minister or, hopefully, challenge his assumptions. But generally speaking it wouldn’t cause a ripple beyond the local community. However, when the "Holy Father" – a Catholic title that denotes more than just a "leader" – makes such a recommendation, and has the backing of earlier papal appeals, the waves of influence travel worldwide.


- That the Holy See has, for at least six decades, supported the quest for a global political structure. 
- That Pope Benedict has, through his recent encyclical, explicitly supported the idea of a world political authority; and that this world government should be designed to incorporate the principle of subsidiarity. Further point: That subsidiarity in a universal political structure would be akin to the slogan, "think global, act local."

- That the influence of the Holy See upon the international community is substantial, and that the Papacy has the backing and general support of hundreds of millions around the world, adding "local-to-global" support for the Vatican’s geo-political visions.

- That advocates for world government – such as the World Federalist Movement – will pick up on Pope Benedict’s recommendations and use it to parade the idea of world management.

- That many Roman Catholics and Catholic organizations will subsequently endorse the proposal for a world political authority, and hence support various movements for global governance.

- That individuals and organizations within and outside the Catholic Church will defend the Pope’s encyclical by seeking to spiritualize or moralize the text, thereby attempting to soften the controversy. Yet, the Pope’s intent for a world political authority remains.

- That a minority of Catholics will vocally oppose the Vatican’s call for UN empowerment and international government (many more will be indifferent). Ridicule may occur for those who publically speak against Benedict’s political ideals. Expect rifts between those who oppose and those who advocate global governance.

- That non-Catholic faith groups will support Pope Benedict’s encyclicalAlready an evangelical response document has been issued by a group of professors and national evangelical leaders. Titled, Doing the Truth in Love, this text agrees that new forms of global authority are necessary, but that it "must secure increased participation, transparency and accountability, and help strengthen the nation state relative to the power of global finance."25 Such a view is more utopian than practical, as few real incentives would compel a world government to operate this openly.

- That new alliances and networks will be formed to increase political and social pressure in support of world management, and that these networks will incorporate Catholic/Vatican groups, non-governmental organizations, and elements from the United Nations.

When the Holy See raises the specter of world government it should jolt Catholics and non-Catholics alike. Even if a world political authority doesn’t come to fruition, such advocacy is stunning. Here we have the planet’s most influential religious office – itself politically structured as a top-down authority – promoting a top-down system of international management. The perception alone is deeply troubling.

And if a world political authority does come into play, what will keep it from morphing into an autocratic regime? Even in this we are assuming that the global authority will be introduced as a limited government. The ultimate contradiction, of course, is a toothless world authority. Without enforcement capabilities it would be little more than an advisory board. To be effective, therefore, it must be a centralist power with clout: Anything less would be meaningless.

But is this what the world needs to ensure global order?

Consider for a moment the last one hundred years, a century rife with examples of "well-meaning" centralist governments – they were always well meaning to somebody. In the name of "peace and security" these regimes crushed domestic opponents, often liquidating their own supporters in the process. From Chile to China the unofficial motto, "peace is the destruction of all opposition," was translated into action. And in the case of Nazi Germany, the government rose to power through the democratic process. Sadly, in some cases the Vatican itself held the hands of those who perpetrated such crimes, as in Croatia during the 1940s.26

Does all of this mean that the Holy See supports a dictatorial world regime? Not according to Pope Benedict’s encyclical, as he openly recognized the dangerous possibility of a "universal power of a tyrannical nature." His hope, as outlined in Caritas in Veritate, is a world political authority checked by legal boundaries so as not to "infringe upon freedom." Government overstep would be offset by accountability measures.

A fine concept in theory, but it rests on a shaky assumption: That the world political authority will remain content to live within prescribed limitations; satisfied to operate within tight social, economic, and political constraints. Here’s the snag: our advanced, democratic nations – and even the Vatican – haven’t and can’t live up to this basic standard.

While Pope Benedict tries to soft-sell Catholics and national leaders on the idea of world government, the sobering words of Lord Acton drift-in from a nearly forgotten past: "Power corrupts…" FC

Carl Teichrib is the editor of Forcing Change (, a monthly digest on global affairs from a Christian perspective.


1 Malachi Martin, The Keys of This Blood (Touchstone, 1990), p.15.

The New York Times, "Pope Urges Forming New World Economic Order to Work for the ‘Common Good’," July 8, 2009. Online edition.

3 David Ian Miller, "The Pope pays the economy some attention," The San Francisco Chronicle, July 13, 2009. Online edition.

4 E.J. Dionne Jr. "To the Right of the Pope," The Washington Post, July 8, 2009, online edition.

5 John-Henry Westen, "Pope’s New Encyclical Speaks Against, not for On-World Government and New World Order,", July 8, 2009.

6 John Laughland, The Tainted Source: The Undemocratic Origins of the European Idea (Little, Brown & Company, 1997), pp.154-155.

7 Robert John Arujo, "International Law Clients: The Wisdom of Natural Law," Fordham Urban Law Journal, August, 2001.

8 For a few examples among many, see the following reports: Our Global Neighborhood (The Commission on Global Governance, Oxford University Press, 1995 – directly supported and endorsed by the UN Secretary General); Toward a Rapid Reaction Capability for the United Nations (Government of Canada, 1995); Rethinking Basic Assumptions About the United Nations (World Federalist Association, 1992); Reshaping the International Order (Club of Rome, 1976).

9 UN Millennium Forum, May 22-26, 2000. See the final document, Millennium Forum Declaration and Agenda for Action.

10 Cliff Kincaid, "Who Will Probe the UN-Vatican Connection?" Accuracy in Media, August 4, 2009. (

11 José E. Alvarez, The Schizophrenias of R2P, Panel Presentation at the 2007 Hague Joint Conference on Contemporary Issues of International Law: Criminal Jurisdiction 100 Years After the 1907 Hague Peace Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, June 30, 2007.

12 Richard N. Cooper, "Is There a Need to Reform?" The International Monetary System: Forty Years After Bretton Woods (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 1984), p.33.

13 Reprinted in Eric Frattini’s book, The Entity: Five Centuries of Secret Vatican Espionage (St. Martin’s Press, 2008), p.2.

14 Address by His Holiness Pope Pius XII During an Audience with Delegates of the Fourth Congress of the World Movement for World Federal Government, 6 April 1951. A copy of this speech is in the author’s library. It is reprinted in its entirety in The Power Puzzle: A Compilation of Documents and Resources on Global Governance (2004, can be obtained at the Forcing Change website,

15 Pope John XXIII, Pacem in Terris, paragraphs 137 to 141.

16 Holy Father’s Talk at United Nations, October 4, 1965. Reprinted in its entirety in The Power Puzzle: A Compilation of Documents and Resources on Global Governance(

17 Address of His Holiness John Paul II, United Nations Headquarters, Thursday, 5 October 1995.

18 Address of John Paul II to the International Court of Justice during the Meeting at the Peace Palace, The Hague, 13 May 1985.

19 Sollicitudo rei socialis, paragraph 43.

20 Pope John Paul I was in office for only 33 days before being murdered in 1978. During that time he made a number of speeches, but I have found none that directly support global governance.

21 Volumes have been published on the role of the Holy See in global dealings, including banking, espionage, and international diplomacy. One of the most recent books on this subject is The Entity: Five Centuries of Secret Vatican Espionage, by Eric Frattini (St. Martin’s Press, 2008).

22 Eric Frattini The Entity: Five Centuries of Secret Vatican Espionage (St. Martin’s Press, 2008), p.1.

23 Avro Manhattan, The Vatican in World Politics (Gaer Associates, 1949), pp.28-29.

24 "Frequently Requested Catholic Church Statistics," Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate, Georgetown University, statistics are for 2009;

25 Doing the Truth in Love. A copy of the document, along with signers, can be found at

26 The Croat liquidation of Orthodox Serbs was one of the most horrific examples of genocide in modern history. So gruesome were the attacks that "even hardened German troops registered their horror." See John Cornwell, Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII (Viking, 1999), pp.248-260. See also Unholy Trinity: The Vatican, the Nazis, and the Swiss Banks by Mark Aarons and John Loftus (St. Martin’s Griffin, 1998); and Avro Manhattan, The Vatican’s Holocaust (Ozark Books, 1986). Mark Aarons and John Loftus attest to Manhattan’s credibility, explaining; "he was very well informed, having worked for British intelligence during the war" (Unholy Trinity, p.86).

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Father Alois Grimm

Wer war Pater Alois Grimm?
Als Sohn eines Landwirts, am 24. Oktober 1886 geboren wuchs Alois mit fünf Geschwistern auf dem Bauernhof seines Vater auf, den er einmal übernehmen sollte. Da der junge Alois sehr begabt war, besuchte er auf Drängen des Ortskaplans das Gymnasium in Tauberbischofsheim.
Mit der Traumnote Eins im Abitur stand er vor der Wahl, Marineoffizier, Altphilologe oder Jesuit zu werden. Gegen den Willen des Vaters entschied er sich für den Jesuitenorden.
1920 wurde er zum Priester geweiht. Er wurde nach der Ordensausbildung Latein-, Deutsch-, Geschichts- und Griechischlehrer. Acht Jahre war er Lehrer im Jesuitenkolleg in Feldkirch (Österreich) und kam nach der Verlegung der deutschen Abteilung nach ST. Blasien. Dort war er bis zur Aufhebung des Kollegs durch die Nationalsozialisten Lehrer, bis auch dieses Kolleg durch die SS 1939 ganz geschlossen wurde. Pater Grimm ging nach Feldkirch zurück, um dort den jungen Jesuiten Lehrer zu sein. Auch dieses Haus wurde geschlossen. Pater Grimm stand damals schon als Staatsfeind unter Beobachtung. Man verfolgte seine mutigen Predigten und seine "verbotene" Arbeit mit der Jugend. Pater Grimm hat die Fronten scharf gesehen und öffentlich benannt. "Christus ist der einzige Gesetzgeber, dem der Mensch verpflichtet ist."
Man wollte diesen Störfaktor loshaben und stellte ihm eine Falle. Im Frühjahr 1943 meldete sich ein Soldat, in Wirklichkeit ein Spitzel der geheimen Staatspolizei, um Unterricht bei Pater Grimm zu nehmen. Er wollte angeblich katholisch werde. Nach einem halben Jahr brachte der "neue Gläubige" noch einen Freund mit, kurz darauf wurde Pater Grimm im Oktober 1943 verhaftet.
Im Polizeipräsidium in Innsbruck begegnete er seinen "Glaubens-schülern", die ihn mit der höhnischen Bemerkung begrüßten: "Da ist er, der Sauhund, so muss man es mit euch Saukerlen machen, sonst kriegt man euch ja nicht."
Pater Grimm wurde nach Berlin überstellt und vom Volksgericht wegen Wehrkraftzersetzung und defätistischen Äußerungen zum Tode durch das Fallbeil verurteilt. Sein Todestag ist der 11.September 1944. In seinem letzten Brief schrieb er: "Trauert nicht über mich. Ich gehe heim, ihr müsst noch ausharren. Ich gebe mein Leben für das Reich Gottes, das kein Ende nimmt, für die Gesellschaft Jesu, für die Jugend, für die Religion unserer Heimat. Ich bemühe mich, durch mein Sterben den Tod des Heilands zu verherrlichen und ihm ähnlich zu werden."

  [ Pater Alois Grimm 1886-1944 ]

Als Erinnerung
1984 wurde auf Antrag der Grund- und Hauptschule im Einvernehmen mit der Kirchengemeinde vom Gemeinderat der Stadt Külsheim einstimmig beschlossen, zum 40-jährigen Todestag von Pater Alois Grimm die Grund- und Hauptschule in Külsheim PATER-ALOIS-GRIMM-SCHULE zu nennen.
Seit dem Jahr 1967 heißt die Straße am Geburtshaus in Külsheim "Pater-Grimm-Straße", zum 20-jährigen Todestag wurde dort eine Gedenktafel enthüllt. Ein Gedenkstein an der Gedächtnisstätte der Kriegsopfer bei der Kirche erinnert ebenfalls an Pater Grimm.
Sein Opfer soll nicht vergeblich gewesen sein, sondern Ansporn für uns, an einer besseren Zukunft mitzuarbeiten !

Who was Father Alois Grimm?
The son of a farmer, on 24 Alois was born in October 1886 with five siblings grew up on a farm of his father that he should take over again. As the young Alois was very talented, he visited at the urging of the local high school chaplain in Tauberbischofsheim.
With the perfect score of one in high school he was to be before the election, naval officer, a classicist or a Jesuit. Against the will of the Father, he opted for the Jesuit Order.

In 1920 he was ordained a priest. It was after the Jesuit training in Latin, German, Greek historian and teacher. For eight years he was a teacher at the Jesuit College in Feldkirch (Austria) and came to the relocation of the German department to ST. Blaise. He had been closed until the abolition of the college teachers by the Nazis, even to this college by the year SS 1939. Father Grimm returned to Feldkirch to be the young Jesuit teacher there. This house has been closed. Father Grimm was back then as a public enemy under observation. We followed his courageous sermons and his "illegal" work with youth. Father Grimm has seen the sharp fronts and named publicly. "Christ is the only legislator, the man is committed."

They wanted to be rid of this nuisance and set a trap for him. In the spring of 1943, reported a soldier, to take reality into an informer for the secret state police to lessons with Father Grimm. He reportedly wanted to become Catholic. . After six months, brought the "new believers" with another friend, shortly thereafter, Father Grimm was arrested in October 1943
the police headquarters in Innsbruck, he met his "students of religion" who greeted him with the scornful remark: "There he is , the bastard, so you have to do it with you Saukerlen, otherwise you're gonna get you, not so. "

Father Grimm was transferred to Berlin and from the People's Court for undermining military morale and defeatist statements sentenced to death by guillotine. His death is the September 11, 1944th In his last letter he wrote:.. "Mourn not for me I'm going home, you'll have to endure yet I give my life for the kingdom of God, which has no end, for the Society of Jesus, for the youth, for the religion of our country . I am trying to glorify my dying the death of Christ and to be like him. "

Father Alois Grimm  [Father Alois Grimm 1886-1944]

As a reminder
In 1984, at the request of the primary and secondary school in consultation with the parish by the City Council of the City Külsheim decided unanimously to call for the 40th anniversary of the death of Father Alois Grimm, the primary and secondary school in Külsheim FATHER, ALOIS-GRIMM-SCHOOL.

Since 1967, the street is the birthplace in Külsheim "Father Grimm Street", was the 20th anniversary of the death there unveiled a commemorative plaque. A memorial to the victims of the war memorial at the Church also recalls Father Grimm.
His sacrifice will not be in vain, but encourage us to cooperate, to a better future!

Alois Grimm - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon

Alois Grimm

 Gedenktag katholisch: 11. September
 Name bedeutet: der ganz Weise (latein. Form von Alwis, althochdt.)
Ordensmann, Priester, Märtyrer
* 24. Oktober 1886 Külsheim in Baden-Württemberg
† 11. September 1944 in Brandenburg-Görden in Brandenburg
Alois Grimm trat 1907 in Feldkirch in den Jesuitenorden ein, 1918 wurde er zum Priester geweiht. Er wirkte als Lehrer und Jugenderzieher an der Stella Matutina, dem Gymnasium des Jesuitenordens in Feldkirch, ab 1928 am Kolleg in St. Blasien im Schwarzwald. Nach dessen Aufhebung kehrte er nach Feldkirch zurück und wirkte als Prediger und Seelsorger. Seine Kontakte zu Jugendlichen, die er über das gewaltsame Wesen des NS-Regimes aufzuklären versuchte, sowie sein offenes Kanzelwort in der Nikolauskirche waren den Nazis ein Dorn im Auge. Zwei als Konversionsbewerber verkappte Spitzel der Gestapo missbrauchten sein Vertrauen und lieferten ihn aus. Im Oktober 1943 wurde Pater Grimm nach der Messe in der Antoniuskapelle verhaftet unter der damals üblichen Anschuldigung der Wehrkraftzersetzung und zunächst ins Gestapo-Gefängnis nach Innsbruck, dann gleich weiter nach München und später nach Berlinüberstellt. Im August 1944 fand die Verhandlung vor dem Volksgerichtshof statt. Er wurde er mit 24 anderen Verurteilten in Brandenburg-Görden zum Schafott geführt.
In seinem letzten Brief schrieb Alois Grimm: Trauert nicht über mich. Ich gehe heim, ihr müsst noch ausharren. Ich gebe mein Leben für das Reich Gottes, das kein Ende nimmt, für dieGesellschaft Jesu, für die Jugend, für die Religion unserer Heimat. Ich bemühe mich, durch mein Sterben den Tod des Heilands zu verherrlichen und ihm ähnlich zu werden.

In seinem Geburtsort Külsheim, und an Orten seines Wirkens, so in Feldkirch, sind Straßen und Schulen nach Alois Grimm benannt.

Alois Grimm

 Catholic Memorial 11 September
 Name means the whole way (Latin form of althochdt Alwis.)
Religious, priests, Mar-ty-rer
* 24 October 1886 Külsheim in Baden-Württemberg 
† 11 September 1944 in Brandenburg -Gorden, Brandenburg
Alois Grimm appeared in 1907 in Feldkirch in the Jesuit order one, in 1918 he was ordained a priest. He worked as a teacher and youth educator at the Stella Matutina , the high school of the Jesuits in Feldkirch, 1928 at the College of St. Blah-de-si in the Black Forest. After its cancellation, he returned to Feldkirch and worked as a preacher and pastor. His contacts with young people, which he tried to explain about the violent nature of the Nazi regime, and his open cockpit word in the church of St. Nicholas was a thorn in the Nazis. Two blocked as conversion candidates of the Gestapo spy abused his trust and handed him. In October 1943 Father Grimm was arrested after the Mass in the chapel of St. Anthony with the then customary charges ofundermining the war effort , and first to the Gestapo prison in Innsbruck , then straight on toMunich and later to Berlin is over. In August 1944 the trial took place before the people's court. It was he with 24 other convicts in Brandenburg -Gorden led to the scaffold.

In his last letter Alois Grimm wrote: Do not mourn me. I go home, you have to endure yet. I give my life for the kingdom of God, which has no end, for the Society of Jesus , for the youth, for the religion of our country. I am trying through my dying the death of the Savior and glorify to be like him.

In his native Külsheim , and places his work, so in Feldkirch , roads and schools are named after Alois Grimm.

Vincent P. Miceli, The gods of atheism : religious atheism

Atheism in contemporary Theology

Vincent P. Miceli, The gods of atheism (Arlington: New Rochelle, NY 1971)We hope to show that atheism's vigor arises from its heroic will to create mythical gods in place of the true God. We hope to prove that its feebleness is demonstrated by its utter inability to cure the contradictory crisis it creates between man whom it would advance in freedom and its own New God whom it cannot restrain from devouring mankind.

Thus, this study will maintain that no atheist chooses merely to deny God. For the atheist's spiritual posture against God is at the same time his posture in preference for some other Being above God. As he dismisses the true God he is welcoming his New God. Why must this be so? Because every personal commitment of man presupposes, deep in the metaphysical core of his being, a hunger for being and goodness. ...

We have said that it is terrifying to attempt to live without God. Kirilov, one of the many atheists in The devils [or The possessed by Feodor Dostoevsky] testifies to this truth. "To realize that there is no God and not to realize at the same instant that you have become God yourself--is an absurdity, for else you would certainly kill yourself. I cannot understand how an atheist could know that there is no God and not kill himself at once!"

The aim of this work is to indicate that the great sin of contemporary atheism is that it consists, through a sustained act of Supreme Self-Will, in a total preoccupation with the human. This atheism induces man to fall down before himself in narcissistic adoration and love. In one form or another, the systems of thought expounded in this work call man to a religious allegiance solely to Man-God. ...

It is hoped that this study may lead readers to reject the paths that run to the temples of the strange Gnostic Gods of humanistic atheism.

Jesus Christ said to the Jews and all who reject Him:

John 8:44
You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and he stood not in the truth; because truth is not in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father thereof.

The Holy Spirit through St. John warns us!:

John 2:22
Who is a liar, but he who denieth that Jesus is the Christ? This is Antichrist, who denieth the Father, and the Son.

The Gods of Atheism

490 pages
Published June 1st 1971 by Crown Pub
0870000993 (ISBN13: 9780870000997)
original title
The Gods of Atheism

Militant Atheism and the Pathetic God Fallacy

Militant Atheism and the Pathetic God Fallacy

Today’s most aggressive atheists, the "New Atheists," boastfully assume that they have basically taken the field against their opponents, by some sort of intellectual D-Day Invasion, by which the future certainty of defeat appears completely inevitable. But, what, upon a more objective examination, is really going on?
A straw man of a "god" gets itself created in the fetid imaginations of mainly middle-aged and aging men who do have developed their own (idiotic) version of a kind of proverbial old wives tales of a just truly contemptible, worthless, pitiable, wretched, debased, laughable, absurd, pathetic deity of no (genuine) consequence. Why is this critically said?
The Lord God Almighty who, in anthropomorphic terms, holds the entire universe and beyond in one tiny corner of one hand, as if it were a mere speck of microscopic dust, is not really the kind of god that these seemingly clever fellows are protesting against or, rather, simply denying the existence of in its entirety. Deniers of the Great Lord of Hosts, to show their toughness and courage, prefer to do shadow boxing with only a fictional, diminutive pygmy of a reductionistic representation of a god, not the Supreme Being of the Old Testament who did mightily smite all the degenerate inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah.
Moreover, true faith as religion is the direct opposite of superstition and does not participate at all in religiosity; this is concerning the highest understanding and comprehension of religious truth concerning specifically what God is or is not, especially in terms of Christianity and, more in particular, Roman Catholicism.
The diminished and deniable deity of convenience (also aided ironically by what gets called process theology) of these militant atheists is not ever justifiably worthy of any worship, much less the wasted intellectual effort to profitlessly deny its so putrid existence. What gets excessively disparaged, often in hyperbolic terms of thoroughgoing deprecation, is a supposed kind of odd divinity that does not at all possess any axiological, epistemological, or ontological significance whatsoever; it is a projected being that has been comprehensively philosophically emptied of what ought to logically be the true attributes, powers, abilities, etc. of a really and suitably genuine, not ersatz, Supreme Being.
Minimalization of Divinity Becomes Obnoxious
Thus, when the irregularly concocted straw man of a (mental-construct) god does not quickly jump up and, presumably, dance on command of these atheists, they jocularly set about scorning and denying its power, its very existence, moreover. They, perhaps, cannot see that such a proposed spirit entity is not worth the intellectual effort expended for developing excessively elaborate refutations for what is said, by them, to not really exist at all.
Claiming that they are righteously energized to morally write up stuff because of the alleged great evil, injustice, corruption, etc. let lose by believers forces them to adopt language of a theological order of exposition, through the making of ethical and/or moral judgments; altruists and humanitarians can exist as such by, e. g., their appropriation, directly or indirectly considered, of religious thinking as to ethics and morality related to human conduct. Furthermore, ethical and moral judgments, as to ultimate reasoning, must be based, premised, upon some sort of philosophical point of view that was, in turn, derivative from theological assumptions or assertions, either directly or indirectly applied.
But, it is pompously claimed, by atheists, that no god really need exist for the proper having of ethical or moral categorical imperatives, while using the language of religion, more or less, to then morally and/or ethically condemn religion. Nonetheless, should it be honestly added, into the mix, that the absurdly proffered kind of “tin god” or deflated divinity, assumed to be the convenient whipping boy/girl/it of the aggressively unbelieving minority, is not worth a bucket of warm spit? Get real here.
What is going on, in a special sense, is the presentation of a kind of magic show, extravagantly put on by the militant atheists, with their amusing and distracting verbal sleight of hand tricks, and vain poses of their being holier-than-thou holders of the high ground of debate. They, ironically, stand in haughty judgment of a (nonexistent) god and, without question, do find he/she/it to be forever found wanting.
All this ribald nonsense, one guesses, is supposed to supremely delight and sagaciously inform advanced intellects suitably inclined to accept, without qualifications, such an inadequate performance by terribly amateur and inept magicians. It is hard, however, to take them seriously. What will be dealt with here, however, is not personal attacks upon such people, whose names will not even be mentioned. The discussion will, instead, concern itself with the epistemological assumptions and fallacies by which an odd conglomeration of contradictory contentions, assumptions, perceptions, and guesswork gets itself transmogrified into supposed sustainable argumentation.
First and foremost, the proposed “god” is circumscribed and dislocated, delimited and displaced, such that it is damned if it does and damned if it does not have the abilities to greatly inspire avid adoration as a Supreme Being of a high order of Being. Elements of the thinking (as certain readers may probably recognize) of G. K. Chesterton, with all its superb irony, and St. Thomas Aquinas, with its indisputable logic, will be called into the debate or discussion as needed.
Consequently, an effeminized and so quite sickly deity or pseudo-divinity, filled with endless love qua universal salvation regardless of how much evil, hatred, perfidy, etc. might be honored by miscreant humans, is thoughtfully postulated, by the atheists, who dare not risk attacking a masculine and healthy Divine Person capable of metaphysical or physical retribution, if grievously offended.
Such a pitiable or pathetic god, meaning the former kind mentioned above, is a rather bad joke in terms of what is supposed to be capable of being known about such a deity, as to then epistemologically valid knowledge. The assumed “god” that gets easily mocked and sarcastically abused as such is yet suitable for bewildered children, crazed feminist militants (who lust for their version of a female divinity), and others who usually prefer, on average, rather unsophisticated and minimalist theological creations, as to their thaumaturgic efforts.
Deists, as is known, have their ghost of a god who may have been involved in Creation (whatever that might have been) but then functionally absconded quickly to leave the mess, the universe, in the hands of temporal creatures who do often—surprise, surprise—think of themselves as being gods.
Going yet one step wildly better, the atheists deny completely any metaphysical order as to its existence and do then assume that the wish can give birth to the thought; but, every cognitive attempt (as an act of will) to metaphysicalize material reality qua materialism (by any euphemism) necessarily results in the reification of material order for what can only be correctly understood as metaphysical reality. The physical brain of a man, thus, never reveals the existence of the mind that is totally unseen within all of the gray matter of a brain; yet, it is known that it, the mind, is still there regardless. The complete lack of a visually perceived intellect does not, therefore, meaning axiomatically or otherwise, negate its actual existence, for even empiricism has its limits.
Analogously, the quite laughable inability of an atheist, a limited mortal creature, to perceive the totality of the Lord God Almighty can very well be naturally because Absolute Being, by definition, necessarily surpasses, of course, all of the (mere) universe and beyond it as well. Among others, the truly sagacious Chesterton, therefore, would have easily recognized a quite preposterous solipsism when he saw it.
A number of “presumably” intelligent people are so disproportionately concerned about disproving the nonexistence of nothing in that, e. g., it is being openly said that “god is not great” as an overt rhetorical means of stressing their existential distain, which is absurd. Really now, what is going on here?
As to any needful cognitive reflection upon epistemological certainty, if there is really no order that is, in fact, posited as metaphysical, then how can, by definition, the imperfect intellectual powers of mere mortal creatures apprehend, with requisite supreme certainty, either that assertion or, perhaps, its opposite?
The plain answer is that only atheists, especially the aggressive or militant kinds, are both willingly and winsomely prepared to ever make such massively preposterous quantum leaps, in the rarified realm of advanced epistemology, as if it were as commonly simple as taking a stroll in Piccadilly Circus, according, at least, to Chesterton, and as properly verified by Aquinas. What is actually going on, nonetheless, is not so much an act of intellect as it is rather a bold act of (obstreperous) will, though not supported by systematic and well-founded reason; it is, however, upheld substantially by (petulant) rationalism, the parodying of rational thought, not its confirmation.
What is certainly revealed, upon cogent and intelligent examination, is the pubescent charm of atheism, the false negation of metaphysics, exposed to a candid world. As Ludwig Ott had insightfully contended, “An inculpable and invincible ignorance regarding the existence of God is not possible for a long time in a normal, grown-up person…” And yet, how can this understanding be forcefully demonstrated through sustained argumentation?
Fr. Vincent P. Miceli’s The Gods of Atheism, a brilliant exposition, would appear to be useful reading for exposing the seemingly clever legerdemain going on concerning how rationalism, naturalism, secularism and materialism are just disguised as being merely normal ways of reasoning; but, actually, rationalism, because of its integral devotion to nominalism, inverts reason as in the notably perverse way that Karl Marx had willfully turned the Hegelian dialectic upside down, as has, in fact, often been shown.
Miceli correctly understood, as detailed in his well-argued tome, the four main projections of deities as gods who are presented, by atheism, as adventures of the mind, passions of the heart, myths of the modern mentality, or victims of man.
There are people, however, who were not just simple atheists but, rather, avid antitheists such as were Comte, Feuerbach, Marx, Nietzsche, and Heidegger; as an extension of certain related considerations, furthermore, some commentators contend that thinkers such as Marx, due to their higher intellect, really knew that God exists but preferred, for ideological reasons, to presuppose the counterfactual of atheism; in other words, better minds really do know that it is actually a kind of elaborate intellectual game being played, though lesser intellects can be (easily) fooled, especially militant atheists, of course.
On the other hand, secular humanists or even hard-core materialists do not do without having their own version of a god, be it called Progress, Science, Evolutionism, etc., whatever dramatic form of idolatry may be thought suitable to a supposedly progressive mind that is, actually, atavistic in the final analysis, for the greatest superstition of them all is, therefore, to supinely think that one’s own era is beyond all superstition.
Or, as Miceli, a traditionalist Roman Catholic, rightly phrases the asserted matter, in an expanded context, “the believer In God accepts the vision of science and harmoniously raises it, through free, intellectually creative activity in the science of theology, to the infinite degree of inexhaustible wonderment.”
In contrast, one, thus, correctly sees that “the atheist, terrorized by intellectual insecurity” limits himself deliberately to the new obscurantism of “the space-time-matter horizon.” In the end, one unfortunately perceives, with a forever heightened clarity, that: “Atheism is an idolatry which worships that strange God—absolute Man.”
Miceli, shrewdly, knew that there is always atheism’s “arrogant assumption of divinity and its self-indulgence in egocentric absolutism.” Militant atheism, furthermore, can only successfully exist within a degenerate narcissistic culture dedicated to freely celebrating hedonism, materialism, secularism, rationalism, and what, as Nietzsche knew, must be the logical end destination of it all: Nihilism. With the dis-valuation of divinity does not, therefore, come the too often assumed exaltation of MAN but, rather, the narrowing of the focus of earthly reality toward an intramundane salvation offering the human egalitarian equivalent of a barnyard environment, not the (often promised) New Eden of Utopia; but, what is more urgent to know is that such a matter as Original Sin is factually evidenced, as noted by Ludwig Ott, in the existence of atheism.
So, when all is ultimately said and done, the then tinier and more insignificant the god that the militant atheists, axiomatically, do dismiss from rational(ist) consideration, the more shrunken and meaningless becomes the, thus, fairly ignominious human being not made in the image of the true God. From the greatness of people whose immortal character of their souls can be as mightily tall as their God, there is, on the other hand, the atheist’s nominalist desire to have humanoids revert to being the mere physical (read: materialist) stature, importance, of their ever-shrinking selves.
The egocentric narcissistic humanoid, thus, so fantasized into broad existence, by the aggressive secular humanists qua materialists, becomes as vilely and nauseously pathetic as the pathetic deity that is denied its (then, by definition, meaningless) reality. The purported accurate “knowledge” of such a diminished deity, transmitted by those who axiomatically deny the existence of what they claim cannot exist anyway, creates an epistemological dilemma of vast proportions, though it is not addressed by the militant atheists engaged in their profuse semantic magic.
How can anyone positively affirm, without a doubt, the nonexistence of nothing, the inability of there being any metaphysical order? In other words, by what metaphysical/philosophical knowledge was it obtained, in contradiction, by which a human mind can so deny, with what must be supreme certainty, metaphysical knowledge of a metaphysical order, which is, vigorously, claimed not to be?
Circular Reasoning as Non-Thought Exposed
There is no rational way out of this tautology because the faulty reasoning employed must continually run in circles to try vainly to escape the truth of its cognitive falsity. The atheist must assert knowledge about what cannot be truly known in that such asseverated knowledge is, by definition, logically beyond the assumed capacity of the atheist to actually possess, certainly with any certainty, that is. This conundrum is not, however, ever lessened by the absurd constructing of endless arguments seemingly to convince people about the purported nonexistence of a pointless, meaningless, and senseless god, which, anyway one looks at the matter, does not exist anyway.
Once this is intelligently realized as to the obvious implications and ramifications necessarily involved in such idle speculation, the aggressive atheists qua secular humanists or materials are no longer thought of as assumed mental giants disposing of a false mystery. Tautology set alone is not, repeat, is not any kind of valid argumentation, regardless of any and all added rhetorical flourishes, as the sound and fury signifying nothing.
For atheists, all of their nominalism necessarily reaches just a dead end. First, the modern age qua modernity in thought illegitimately reversed objectivity and subjectivity; postmodernity, as with, e. g., deconstructionism, has gone the step further by denying the existence of both such cited categories, along with any knowledge of anything that used to be called truth. Moved by the (demonic) lusty spirit of everlasting negation, atheists, of course, do fit in well with such a cognitive situation, especially in academia with its various degrees of celebratory nihilism qua mental fornication.
They then quickly become revealed, startlingly, as seemingly unprepossessing minds making what are merely vacuous statements, exposing a tedious reductionism, that metaphysically attempt to deny the metaphysics of any metaphysical order (AKA God). With reductionistic logic, the fundamentally difficult epistemological problem encountered assumes vastly quantum proportions, beyond the propagandistic and rhetorical capacities of the unbelieving affirmer, who looks quite ridiculous; this is, moreover, as a direct result of so pushing the insubstantial assertions of atheism. How might this, however, be easily empirically proven?
Among other (notoriously) famous atheists of the past, Voltaire quite accurately knew just how very insubstantial and inconsequential the entire intellectual position of atheism always is; he, being a true radical-bourgeois intellectual qua Frenchphilosophe, had to go to a Benedictine monastery to read through a good copy of St. Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica to just copy out that saint’s very careful compilation of the presumably “best” arguments assembled in favor of atheism. Exactly, the cognitive ability of this 13th century religious teacher, scholar, and author fully surpassed all of the brains of the philosophes of the entire 18thcentury, which ought to be regarded, at a minimum, as highly significant concerning the true power of reason, as so markedly possessed by a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
Notably but not unexpectedly, Voltaire, of course, never ever bothered to, also, copy down the quite effective and knowledgeably solid refutations of all those arguments for atheism. He knew better than to rely upon his or any other committed atheist’s meager and limited mental capacity. But, of course, the direct opposite can certainly occur.
In the early 21st century, no less a personage than Anthony Flew, a once prominent nonbeliever, felt intellectually and ethically compelled to finally admit that he was, in fact, totally wrong; there is definitely, he confessed, a God as is so indicatively based upon, e. g., the latest scientific findings in advanced physics, chemistry, etc. of the great realities involved with the immense universe. All his former (supposedly) impressive efforts at philosophical prestidigitation came to naught.
On the other hand, the highest epistemological problem is that of attaining what would need to be, in fact, perfect knowledge on the part of, by definition, imperfect creatures qua human beings who cannot have the requisite perfection of knowledge short of becoming godlike; this to-be-wanted perfection of knowledge would as such totally guarantee that it would be definitely known as to whether or not there was any reality to the metaphysical order, as to its presumed nonexistence; otherwise, it is often too logically difficult to prove a negative, though atheists assume it every time they supposedly pontificate, knowingly, about what they do insist cannot exist; in the categorical absence of mortal persons being gods, there is, thence, no actual godlike knowledge to be obtainable, within such a temporal context of cognizance qua knowledge.
As Aquinas had correctly pointed out, many centuries ago, even any human knowledge of God is only, at best, analogical, not direct in nature, because only God, by definition, can, thus, really understand the Supreme, Absolute or Divine Being Himself. Therefore, atheists, as committed hyper-nominalists, are forever caught in a perpetual epistemological contradiction by claiming it, the actual knowledge, both ways in contradiction at the same time and condition as per asserted knowledge. Why is this true?
Absolute denial of metaphysical order commands that a (superior) metaphysics is intimately possessed that subsumes, moreover, all total cognizance pertaining to having knowledge that surpasses what is denied; but, the last time that anyone noticed, as Chesterton would have agreed, not even George Bernard Shaw (a once past celebrated nonbeliever) had manifested his divinity enough to demonstrate any positive admission of divine afflatus; nor, among other missing (but necessary) attributes, had Shaw ever, e. g., levitated, in public, in any of the quaint streets of London.
In short, any such true epistemological capacity so claimed, at an extremely exalted level of supreme knowledge, would then absolutely entail having other wondrous capacities and stupendous capabilities of a manifestly extraordinary or quite astonishing nature. However, neither situation of a metaphysical epistemology nor an epistemological metaphysics can, adequately, make up for the lack of possessing divine knowledge. To really know definitively, meaning without any rational question whatsoever, that there is, in fact, no God would, in noetic translation, positively require a superior level of truly absolute knowledge; this would, in turn, have to then incredibly encompass a universal cognizance of all levels of possible means of greatly knowing, of astounding omniscience, hitherto denied to all mere mortals.
When (deified) Man is no longer seen reified as (a terrene) God, then (the true) God can be God. And, basic knowledge about the reality and existence of a Supreme Being always ultimately explodes the absurd straw-man divinity put together, haphazardly and childishly, by many severely inferior intellects reaching well beyond their limited capacities and capabilities.
Under the amassed weight of what can epistemologically be known about the key attributes of the Lord God Almighty, the atheist’s attempted pathetic god fallacy of a pseudo-epistemological rendition of such defective quasi-theological nonsense, supposed to be substantial enough for purposes of combative argumentation, fails yet miserably, upon examination, to sufficiently or substantially sustain any rational credibility. To wit, it is the case that what gets vociferously denounced and throw out the front door ends up being surreptitiously smuggled through the back door; thus, the (inverted) religion of atheist humanism seeks to become some sort of perverse substitute faith offered to the world at large, though, in fact, relatively too few people are ever easily attracted to or, moreover, warmly persuaded by this terrene religion.
As Fr. Miceli makes sustainably clear, moreover, in his The Gods of Atheism, the nature of unbelief is truly unsustainable and untenable as to cognitive recognition that metaphysics (of whatever nature, diminished or otherwise) actually presupposes a true metaphysical order that mere human beings qua atheists do baselessly deny at their intellectual and, ultimately, spiritual peril.
Contrary to what the belligerent unbelievers may wish to believe, the true God as God is, therefore, not an inconsequential, negligible proposition qua supposition just conjured up by some oddly effete mental midgets.
Athanasius contra mundum!
St Thomas Aquinas, Compendium Theologiae.
St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica.
Christopher Dawson, Religion and Culture, 1947.
Christopher Dawson, Religion and the Rise of Western Culture, 1950.
Fr. Vincent P. Miceli, The Gods of Atheism, 1971.
Ludwig Ott, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma, 1952.
This Hub was last updated on April 13, 2010

Gods of Atheism by Fr. Vincent P Miceli

Gods of Atheism
by Fr. Vincent P Miceli Foreword by John Cardinal Wright
Code: 091214100X
On backorder

"One of the truly outstanding books of our time."-The Wanderer "As complete a study of atheism as exists in any language."-Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen "An invaluable guide to the theological climate of the hour, so baffling to the average Christian. It sets our neo-modernism firmly in its historical context; it reveals the influence of past systems. It disabuses us of the notion that right now we have some dispensation of the Holy Spirit. And Miceli's critical faculties come into full play, establishing him as a considerable defender of orthodoxy." -Christian Order "Remarkable....the Miceli style clearly comes into its own in this major study." -Frederick Wilhelmsen, Triumph "A work in the great tradition of Catholic intellectual life. By providing such a studied and readable analysis...Miceli has given us a valuable tool in the ongoing conversation with the non-believer." -(Bishop) Donald Wuerl, Catholic Currents, 1971 "Shows why atheism today does not and cannot leave in peace those who are not atheists..Explains with dreadful eloquence the causes of modern atheism and the inflamed wound it has left upon the worldƒExplains difficult writers lucidly and makes only too clear the doom that threatens if their ideas win final victory." -Paul Hallet, National Catholic Register "Fr. Miceli is the type of priest we need so much in this crisis of the Church. He is equipped with the intellectual weapons that enable him to be a defensor fidei. And he provides clear answers to this threat, which has even infiltrated the Church!" -Dietrich von Hildebrand Over 40,000 copies sold
Code: 091214100X
On backorder

For eschatology and scriptural teaching on prophecy and the Book of the Revelation go here: The Apocalypse, the Book of the Revelation

This is extracted here for its salient comments on the Devil's incursion into philosophy and the resultant Satanic false light of the Illuminati.


As you read the following excerpt from the book, 'The Indivisible Light,' keep in mind how the Illuminati have used the philosophies of these well known western philosophers to promote their anti Christian agenda.

Also, keep in mind how all that is happening now in the middle east, with the so called 'Arab Spring,' is the same formula these Illuminati agents have used since the 16th Century! It's the same formula, just a different time in history.


Godliness builds an intelligent moral order in society. Satan desires to tear down this order and its authoritative governing structures because they support godliness in disciplining fallible human nature by setting up as standards of conduct the guides of right reason, thus opposing the chaos of rule by the standards of passion, expediency, popular opinion, etc. In order to tempt godly society to tear down its own righteous order, Satan’s agents, who were incapable of doing so great a feat themselves, brewed a popular philosophy of revolution that would justify and even impel men to tear down their own house. This evil philosophy’s slogans challenged the basic principles supporting the rational and godly order of society, which God had helped Christian people establish through much sacrifice and labor.

The revolutionary philosophy of hell designed to appeal to the rebellious nature of man’s pride in himself and aversion to God’s rule revolved around words like "liberty" and "equality." It asserted that everyone is "destined," by the god-hunger in them to be "free from the rule of others" and "equal to all others", therefore, there can be no ruling government, other than the temporary "government" of Anarchy, which destroys "the rule of others" with the rule of others, the elite revolutionary zealots who are licensed by ideology to destroy in the name of "Freedom." These unqualified "democratic" principles of liberty and equality lead to chaos, moral and civil disintegration, even the disintegration of the mind. But this end result, total destruction (Hell), is never put forward by the enemy, only utopian promises of a better world, advanced civilization, the solution of age-old problems, nirvana, peace, etc. They propose a transfer of power from the few to the many. They propose what will accomplish the destruction of the existing order, whether that be a monarchy, oligarchy, dictatorship, republic, or democracy. When that order is destroyed, they are soon proposing the destruction of that order which took its place, until the principle of chaos or disorder is enshrined in the death of all order, the negation of all evidence of intelligent life, that is, the reign of Satan, which is death and Hell.

The French Revolution celebrated the destruction of monarchy, in order to replace it with an oligarchy of powerful men who were replaced by a popular dictator, who was ruled by their secret government. Many years later, after having acquired near complete control of the medias of information and education, constitutional republics or so-called "democracies" could be controlled by the enemy effectively. Successively, rule appears to go into the hands of common, uneducated or miseducated men, but the reality is that they must actually depend on someone to tell them what their choices are, and these are the real, yet hidden, rulers. These uneducated or, better yet, poorly educated masses are more or less easily led by the manipulators of popular opinion. And who would dare revolt against the apparent majority of their fellow men. The most absolute dictatorship is the dictatorship of the proletariat, the common working man. Speak for him or pretend to speak for all such men, and you will have an insurmountable mandate.

When universal education became mandatory by law in the 20th century and fell, of course, into the hands of the State, the full education of men in the ungodly and anti-traditional principles could begin. Then Christian society could be thoroughly denigrated and misshapen with all manner of error, until the very idea of God’s rule over man could be erased from the minds of a whole generation.
[keep in mind who it was that took charge in the early 19th century of all school book publishing. The Rockerfellers, and the Rothchild families!]

Suffering the effects of evil in this battle is absolutely necessary for the discipline of weakened human nature, Son, which, if not scourged, will sink into sloth and be ruled by the lower world and die in the eternal misery of sin’s alienation from God.

Now let us look at a history of modern philosophy to see how the most basic thinking of mankind, which is the subject of philosophy, was slowly but radically disrupted and rendered absurd. The evil control achieved over mankind could not have taken place without the perversion of basic ideas upon which our whole viewpoint depends. In the perversion of the philosophical sciences of ontology (the study of being) and epistemology (the study of knowledge) we see the "inspiration" of Satan.

The corruption of Philosophy, "Queen of Sciences", by the enemy began with the nominalism of certain medieval philosophers, like William of Occam, arguing against the moderate realism taught by the Church, especially through St. Thomas Aquinas, who built upon the metaphysics of Aristotle.

The St. Thomas' teaching tells us that "Realism is a doctrine that universals exist outside the mind and that an abstract term names an independent and unitary reality." What could be more natural? But nominalism is "a theory that there are no universal essences in reality and that the mind can frame no single concept or image corresponding to any universal or general term."

[Since most of the populations are taught through the universal 'free education' system the Illuminati set up in the west, most people do not seek to read books or other texts that preceded the Illuminati educational texts. Since this is the case, most people only read for entertainment purposes. Hence the Illuminati have to teach these philosophical principles through, from these philosophers of the past, through Hollywood movies. One of the most relevant movies that promotes these false philosophies of nominalism are the 'Matrix' movies. If you study these Matrix movies closely, you will see this is the message the Illuminati dissiminate through these blockbuster hits.]

If our mind cannot truly grasp the essential nature of real things, namely universals/absolutes, we cannot truly know anything real. The Church teaches that we can truly know reality, and, by that fact, we are made to be responsible for our actions in correspondence with the truth, which is defined as that which is (reality) in the understanding."

Nominalism claims that our knowledge is just made up of arbitrary terms chosen to represent what we think, and those terms don’t represent a real understanding of reality?
Nominalism never gives answers, it just destroys the truth, leaving the mind free to get lost.

Much later Emmanuel Kant picked up the inference of nominalism and fashioned the theory of idealism, which supposes … "that "the essential nature of reality lies in our consciousness, in the mind or reason," not in the real world outside the mind! Now it’s not only that we cannot know reality, but that it isn’t even out there; "it" is just subjective ideas in our mind. Consider the implications here: If man’s mind is now empowered with the creation of the only reality "knowable," man is one step closer to appearing as God-like. He is not only liberated from God by this notion but also from the reality God made, and principally, the reality of his own created nature as man. This leads to complete amorality and immorality. And, Kant has led us to agnosticism, because we can't know God, only our own arbitrary mental constructs. But this describes the insane mind. [this is where society is today! the lunatics are in charge of the Asylum!!!]

The progression of error from nominalism through rationalism to idealism prepares the stage for atheistic/secular Humanism. For if reality is either a figment of the human mind or only something relevant to that mind, then the individual Mind is what we had formerly called God, and if man is God, there is no God, because the fact is, man is not God. [this is what the Matrix movies teach!]

He doesn't have the attributes or powers that the commonly accepted definition of God contains. So the concept of God is dead, is without meaning, since there is no real reference for it.

The 18th Century Enlightenment popularized the arguments that would lead to dispensing with God. The mass distribution of works by cynical utopians like Voltaire and Rousseau helped accomplish this. The French Revolution was the political result of the Enlightenment – two deliberately coordinated events. And the next step of the World Revolutionary Movement would be the Russian Revolution, and its philosophical accompaniment would be various atheists.

Voltaire specialized in defining the non-churched believer in God who has graduated from organized religion by rejecting the sects of all religions.

When the Spirit of God is taken out of human thinking, that thinking disintegrates progressively like any material substance abandoned by the principle of life, the soul. The philosophical trend we are illustrating,is nothing more or less than a description of the decay of rationality itself.

Let us continue our little history of philosophy. Although not an atheist like his student Fuererbach, the "intellectual forerunner of Communism, atheism and religious modernism is a German professor named Hegel, a Rationalist. In noting that human reason apprehends universal absolutes and the attributes of god, he raised Reason to being these absolutes and attributes. What does this make man to be but a god himself. Let me read from the 'Gods of Atheism' by Fr. Miceli.

"Now Hegel, the progenitor of a famous brood that split into two factions at war with each other, was far from being an atheist himself. Nevertheless, he set the stage for the assault upon god. It was generally agreed that God was the object of both philosophy and theology; of the former by the light of reason, of the latter by the light of revelation. But Hegel questioned whether the philosophers or the theologians had succeeded in attaining the real God. He protested that the God of Christian experience was an inadequate, a premature, not-yet-developed God. Hegel set himself the task of completing the good news of the Gospels; he would go beyond Christianity by demonstrating that the only valid God was dialectically evolving Thought or Spirit Which gradually, inevitably attains and reveals Itself in conceptual clarity and complete self-consciousness through the entire scope of cosmic and human history. Hegel set himself the mission of rescuing the God of Christianity from the vagueness of imagery, the symbolism of myths, the simplistic charm of parables.

Moreover, Hegel had a bill of particulars against the Christian God. The trouble with the Christian God is that He is only experienced and remembered when the human conscience is sick or in trouble. But this Jewish-Christian god, Who is unapproachable and inscrutable in His aloof transcendence and unattainable by the imagination, mind or heart of men, arouses in man resentment against the only choice he is offered by this mysterious God – obedience or revolt. Frustrated by the demoralizing experience of failing futilely to satisfy his hunger for communion with the transcendent god, humbled by the degrading knowledge of his abject powerlessness, man resents the situation that equates God’s glorification with his own depreciation. The transcendent God of the Old and New Testament thus succeeds in enslaving and alienating His worshippers. He sets before them the face-to-face eternal embrace of Himself as a goal that is actually beyond man’s personal achievement. Yet He continually tortures man’s metaphysical hunger as if this human aspiration for complete communion were actually attainable.

… All modern atheism will thus be seen to be rooted in Hegel’s rejection of the God of the master-slave relationship, the God who begets an "unhappy conscience" in man, the God who reduces man from being a hero to being a "beautiful soul."

Freuerbach saw the inevitable outcome of Hegel’s reduction of God from the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Jesus to the God of the philosophers and scientists. He saw that the God of the fifth Gospel – the gospel of reason according to Hegel – was merely a man-made God, sprung full-blown from the Hegelian head. Taking his inspiration, however, from Hegel’s work as a beginning which was going in the right direction, Feuerbach set himself to account psychologically for the illusion of all religion. He realized that Hegel had already demolished God without even suspecting his own great accomplishment. Feuerbach successfully drew the logical conclusions of Hegel’s work in his book The Essence of Christianity. In an heroic manner he continued the process of all theology to anthropology.

… In his Essence of Religion, Feuerbach reached a similar conclusion in his field of endeavor, proclaiming that God is merely a myth which embodies the highest aspirations of the human consciousness. "Those who have no desires," he wrote, "have no Gods … Gods are men’s wishes in corporeal form."

… Feuerbach was acclaimed for having swept the heavens clean of the phantom of God, exorcised this sacred sorcerer from the consciousness of his age, broken forever this theological tyrant’s fatalistic, master-slave domination of men, restored divinity to its rightful owner – liberated Humanity – and rendered the thousands of years’ discussions about God henceforth pointless." [This is what Stephen Hawkings is attempting to do today through his false teachings.]

Thus atheistic humanism was born. Man was offered a new heart and mind, a new hope in Himself. Satan could obviously work great evils with men who accepted such conceits. He could more completely possess them. And so it has happened, the inhuman face of Satan has become more and more visible in the actions of men given into his service. Now we do not just have pretended reformers of the Christian Church and its society, we have those who totally discount Christianity and religion in order to achieve man’s "New Consciousness," which is that "God" is a mere notion, that is, "God" is dead.

They (the Illuminati) both create the problem and provide their chosen solution, through the Hegelian Dialectic.

The only change intended in the Protestant, French and Russian Revolutions was to pass the reins of power into the hands of the Revolutionary Party. Destroy the old order and keep it destroyed. Take over capital and the means of production, and retain it. But use as your excuse this sob story about the poor proletariat rising up to take what is theirs by the supposed right of all to have Equality. Sheer subterfuge! Manipulate the masses to destroy the good order they had; then enslave them in a totalitarian State, which, like Rousseau’s "common will," has the right to control all men in the name of their (dictated) "common good." Naked power Play! Thinly disguised by pure hype. The common man never believed this bologna, but he was told the common man believed it, and those who took over his government pretended to do it on the basis of this mandate. All "classes" and all individuals suffered the consequences of Communist takeovers in the 20th Century, but the same hype about the people claiming their rights was maintained for public relations purposes.

The Communist Revolution in 1917 and the subsequent buildup of Russia as an atheistic slave-state importing revolution to every corner of the globe was the work of the conspirators’ secret governments in the USA, Britain, Germany and elsewhere. All was financed by Zionist bankers milking U.S. taxpayers, through unconstitutional legislation and traitorous agents in our government. Yes, we financed Communist Russia and all its revolutions throughout the world from the very beginning.

The traitors in the Vatican at the 1958 Conclave and Vatican II have fully implemented this, which is the Great Apostasy; the faithful are commanded to come out and have NOTHING to do with this upon pain of eternal damnation by God into the lake of fire forever. Traditional Catholic Prayers: The Justice of God: Parousia of Jesus Christ Our Lord

Ancient witness to the Truth, Who is Jesus Christ, in Palestine:

God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him: Melito of Sardis (Roberts-Donaldson)

Melito of Sardis (Roberts-Donaldson)

Melito of Sardis

Melito, the Philosopher.

[a.d. 160-170-177.] Melito1 may have been the immediate successor of the "angel" (or "apostle") of the church of Sardis, to whom our Great High Priest addressed one of the apocalyptic messages. He was an "Apostolic Father" in point of fact; he very probably knew the blessed Polycarp and his disciple Irenaeus. He is justly revered for the diligence with which he sought out the evidence which, in his day, established the Canon of the Old Testament, then just complete.
In the following fragments we find him called Bishop of Sardis, Bishop of Ittica, and Bishop of Ittica. He is also introduced to us as "the Philosopher," and we shall find him styled "the Eunuch" by Polycrates. It is supposed that he had made himself a coelebs "for the kingdom of heaven's sake," without mistaking our Lord's intent, as did Origen. He was not a monk, but accepted a single estate to be the more free and single-eyed in the Master's service. From the encyclopedic erudition of Lightfoot we glean some particulars, as follows:-
1. I have adopted his date, as Lightfoot gives it,-that is, the period of his writings,-under the Antonines. The improbability of seventy years in the episcopate is reason enough for rejecting the idea that he was himself the "angel of the church of Sardis," to whom our Lord sent the terrible rebuke.
2. His silence concerning persecutions under Vespasian, Trojan, and Antoninus Pius cannot be pleaded to exempt them from this stain, against positive evidence to the contrary.
3. A coincidence with Ignatius to the Ephesians2 will be noted hereafter.
4. Melito, with Claudius Apollinaris and even Polycrates, may have been personally acquainted with Ignatius;3 of course, one with another. These lived not far from Smyrna; Asia Minor was, in the first century, the focus of Christian activity.
5. We know of his visit to the East from his own account, preserved by Eusebius. The Christians of proconsular Asia were accustomed to such journeys. Even Clement of Alexandria may have met him, as he seems to have met Tatian and Theodotus.4
6. Melito vouches for the rescript of Hadrian,5 but his supposed reference to the edict of Antoninus does not bear close scrutiny as warrant for its authenticity.6
7. The Apology of our author was addressed to Aurelius in his mid-career as a sovereign, about a.d.170. Justin, Melito, Athenagoras, and Theophilus all tell the same sad story of imperial cruelty. Even when Justin wrote to Antoninus, Marcus was supreme in the councils of the elder emperor.7
8. He became a martyr, probably under Marcus Aurelius, circa a.d.177;8 some eminent critics have even dated his Apology as late as this.
    A Discourse Which Was in the Presence of Antoninus Caesar, and He Exhorted1 The Said Caesar to Acquaint Himself with God, and Showed to Him the Way of Truth.
He began to speak as follows:-
"It is not easy," said Melito, "speedily to bring into the right way the man who has a long time previously been held fast by error. It may, however, be effected: for, when a man turns away ever so little from error, the mention of the truth is acceptable to him. For, just as when the cloud breaks ever so little there comes fair weather, even so, when a man turns toward God, the thick cloud of error which deprived him of true vision is quickly withdrawn from before him. For error, like disease2 and sleep, long holds fast those who come under its influence;3 but truth uses the word as a goad, and smites the slumberers, and awakens them; and when they are awake they look at the truth, and also understand it: they hear, and distinguish that which is from that which is not. For there are men who call iniquity righteousness: they think, for example, that it is righteousness for a man to err with the many. But I, for my part, affirm that it is not a good excuse for error that a man errs with the many. For, if one man only sin,4 his sin is great: how much greater will be the sin when many sin together!
"Now, the sin of which I speak is this: when a man abandons that which really exists, and serves that which does not really exist. There `is' that which really exists, and it is called God. He, I say, really exists, and by His power doth everything subsist. This being is in no sense made, nor did He ever come into being; but He has existed from eternity, and will continue to exist for ever and ever. He changeth not, while everything else changes. No eye5 can see Him, nor thought apprehend Him, nor language describe Him; and those who love Him speak of Him thus: `Father, and God of Truth.'
"If, therefore, a man forsake the light, and say that there is another God, it is plain from what he himself says that it is some created thing which he calls God. For, if a man call fire God, it is not God, because it is fire; and, if a man call water God, it is not God, because it is water; and, if he so call this earth on which we tread, or these heavens which are seen by us, or the sun, or the moon, or some one of these stars which run their course without ceasing by Divine command, and do not speed along by their own will, neither are these gods; and, if a man call gold and silver gods, are not these objects things which we use as we please? and, if he so call those pieces of wood which we burn, or those stones which we break, how can these things be gods? For, 1o! they are for the use of man. How can `they' escape the commission of great sin, who in their speech change the great God into those things which, so long as they continue, continue by Divine command?
"But, notwithstanding this, I say that so long as a man does not hear, and so does not discern or understand that there is a Lord over these creatures, he is not perhaps to be blamed: because no one finds fault with a blind man though he walk ever so badly. For, in the same manner as the blind, so men also, when they were seeking after God, stumbled upon stones and blocks of wood; and such of them as were rich stumbled upon gold and silver, and were prevented by their stumblings from finding that which they were seeking after. But, now that a voice has been heard through all the earth,6 declaring that there is a God of truth, and there has been given to every man an eye wherewith to see, those persons are without excuse who are ashamed of incurring the censure of their former companions in error, and yet desire to walk in the right way. For those who are ashamed to be saved must of necessity perish. I therefore counsel them to open their eyes and see: for, 1o! light is given abundantly7 to us all to see thereby; and if, when light has arisen upon us, any one close his eyes so as not to see, into the ditch he must go.8 But why is a man ashamed of the censure of those who have been in error along with himself? Rather does it behove him to persuade them to follow in his steps; and, if they should not be persuaded by him, then to disengage himself from their society. For there are some men who are unable to rise from their mother earth, and therefore also do they make them gods. from the earth their mother; and they are condemned by the judgments of truth, forasmuch as they apply the name of Him who is unchangeable to those objects which are subject to change, and shrink not from calling those things gods which have been made by the hands of man, and dare to make an image of God whom they have not seen.
"But I have to remark further, that the Sibyl9 also has said concerning them that it is the images of deceased kings that they worship. And this is easy to understand: for, lo! even now they worship and honour the images of those of Caesarean rank10 more than their former gods; for from those their former gods both pecuniary tribute and produce accrue to Caesar, as to one who is greater than they. On this account, those who despise them, and so cause Caesar's revenue to fall short, are put to death. But to the treasury of other kings also it is appointed how much the worshippers in various places shall pay, and how many vesselfuls11 of water from the sea they shall supply. Such is the wickedness of the world-of those who worship and fear that which has no sensation. Many of them, too, who are crafty, either for the sake of gain, or for vainglory, or for dominion over the multitude, both themselves worship, and incite those who are destitute of understanding to worship, that which has no sensation.
"I will further write and show, as far as my ability goes, how and for what causes images were made to kings and tyrants, and how they came to be regarded12 as gods. The people of Argos made images to Hercules, because he belonged to their city, and was strong, and by his valour slew noxious beasts, and more especially because they were afraid of him. For he was subject to no control, and carried off the wives of many: for his lust was great, like that of Zuradi the Persian, his friend. Again, the people of Acre worshipped Dionysus,13 a king, because he had recently14 planted the vine in their country. The Egyptians worshipped Joseph the Hebrew, who was called Serapis, because he supplied them with corn during the years of famine. The Athenians worshipped Athene, the daughter of Zeus, king of the island of Crete, because she built the town of Athens, and made Ericthippus her son king there, whom she had by adultery with Hephaestus, a blacksmith, son of a wife of her father. She was, too, always courting the society of Hercules, because he was her brother on her father's side. For Zeus the king became enamoured of Alcmene, the wife of Electryon, who was from Argos, and committed adultery with her, and she gave birth to Hercules. The people of Phoenicia worshipped Balthi,15queen of Cyprus, because she fell in love with Tamuz, son of Cuthar king of the Phoenicians, and left her own kingdom and came and dwelt in Gebal, a fortress of the Phoenicians, and at the same time made all the Cyprians subject to King Cuthar. Also, before Tamuz she had fallen in love with Ares, and committed adultery with him; and Hephaestus, her husband, caught her, and his jealousy was roused against her, and he came and killed Tamuz in Mount Lebanon, as he was hunting16 wild boars; and from that time Balthi remained in Gebal, and she died in the city of Aphiki,17 where Tamuz was buried. The Elamites worshipped Nuh, daughter of the king of Elam: when the enemy had carried her captive, her father made for her an image and a temple in Shushan, a royal residence which is in Elam. The Syrians worshipped Athi, a Hadibite, who sent the daughter of Belat, a person skilled in medicine, and she healed Simi, the daughter of Hadad king of Syria; and some time afterwards, when Hadad himself had the leprosy upon him, Athi entreated Elisha the Hebrew, and he came and healed him of his leprosy. The people of Mesopotamia also worshipped Cuthbi, a Hebrew woman, because she delivered Bakru, the paternal king18 of Edessa, from his enemies. With respect to Nebo, who isworshipped in Mabug, why should I write to you? For, lo! all the priests who are in Mabug know that it is the image of Orpheus, a Thracian Magus. Hadran, again, is the image of Zaradusht, a Persian Magus. For both of these Magi practised magic at a well which was in a wood in Mabug, in which was an unclean spirit, and it assaulted and disputed the passage of every one who passed by in all that country in which the town of Mabug is situated; and these Magi, in accordance with what was a mystery in their Magian system, bade Simi, the daughter of Hadad, to draw water from the sea and pour it into the well, so that the spirit should not come up and commit assault. In like manner, the rest of mankind made images to their kings and worshipped them; of which matter I will not write further.
"But thou, a person of liberal mind, and familiar with the truth, if thou wilt properly consider these matters, commune with thine own self;19 and, though they should clothe thee in the garb of a woman, remember that thou art a man. Believe in Him who is in reality God, and to Him lay open thy mind, and to Him commit thy soul, and He is able to give thee immortal life for ever, for everything is possible to Him;20 and let all other things be esteemed by thee just as they are-images as images, and sculptures as sculptures; and let not that which is only made be put by thee in the place of Him who is not made, but let Him, the ever-living God, be constantly present to thy mind.21 For thy mind itself is His likeness: for it too is invisible and impalpable,22 and not to be represented by any form, yet by its will is the whole bodily frame moved. Know, therefore, that, if thou constantly serve Him who is immoveable, even He exists for ever, so thou also, when thou shalt have put off this body, which is visible and corruptible, shall stand before Him for ever, endowed with life and knowledge, and thy works shall be to thee wealth inexhaustible and possessions unfailing. And know that the chief of thy good works is this: that thou know God, and serve Him. Know, too, that He asketh not anything of thee: He needeth not anything.
"Who is this God? He who is Himself truth, and His word truth. And what is truth? That which is not fashioned, nor made, nor represented by art: that is, which has never been brought into existence, and is on that account called truth.23 If, therefore, a man worship that which is made with hands, it is not the truth that he worships, nor yet the word of truth.
"I have very much to say on this subject; but I feel ashamed for those who do not understand that they are superior to the work of their own hands, nor perceive how they give gold to the artists that they may make for them gods, and give them silver for their adornment and honour, and move their riches about from place to place, and then worship them. And what infamy can be greater than this, that a man should worship his riches, and forsake Him who bestowed those riches upon him? and that he should revile man, yet worship the image of man; and slay a beast, yet worship the likeness of a beast? This also is evident, that it is the workmanship of their fellowmen that they worship: for they do not worship the treasures24 while they are laid by in the bag, but when the artists have fashioned images out of them they worship them; neither do they worship the gold or the silver considered as property,25 but when the gravers have sculptured them then they worship them. Senseless man to what addition has been made to thy gold, that now thou worshippest it? If it is because it has been made to resemble a winged animal, why dost thou not worship the winged animal itself? And if because it has been made like a beast of prey, lo! the beast of prey itself is before thee. And if it is the workmanship itself that pleases thee, let the workmanship of God please thee, who made all things, and in His own likeness made the workmen, who strive to do like Him, but resemble Him not.
"But perhaps thou wilt say: How is it that God did not so make me that I should serve Him, and not images? In speaking thus, thou art seeking to become an idle instrument, and not a living man. For God made thee as perfect as it seemed good to Him. He has given thee a mind endowed with freedom; He has set before thee objects in great number, that thou on thy part mayest distinguish the nature of each thing and choose for thyself that which is good; He has set before thee the heavens, and placed in them the stars; He has set before thee the sun and the moon, and they too every day run their course therein; He has set before thee the multitude of waters, and restrained them by His word; He has set before thee the wide earth, which remains at rest, and continues before thee without variation:26 yet, lest thou shouldst suppose that of its own nature it so continues, He makes it also to quake when He pleaseth; He has set before thee the clouds, which by His command bring water from above and satisfy the earth-that from hence thou mayest understand that He who puts these things in motion is superior to them all, and mayest accept thankfully the goodness of Him who has given thee a mind whereby to distinguish these things from one another.
"Wherefore I counsel thee to know thyself, and to know God. For understand how that there is within thee that which is called the soul-by it the eye seeth, by it the ear heareth, by it the mouth speaketh; and how it makes use of the whole body; and how, whenever He pleaseth to remove the soul from the body, this falleth to decay and perisheth. From this, therefore, which exists within thyself and is invisible, understand how God also moveth the whole by His power, like the body; and that, whenever it pleases Him to withdraw His power, the whole world also, like the body, will fall to decay and perish.
"But why this world was made, and why it passes away, and why the body exists, and why it falls to decay, and why it continues, thou canst not know until thou hast raised thy head from this sleep in which thou art sunk, and hast opened thine eyes and seen that God is One, the Lord of all, and hast come to serve Him with all thy heart. Then will He grant thee to know His will: for every one that is severed from the knowledge of the living God is dead and buried even while in his body. Therefore is it that thou dost wallow on the ground before demons and shadows, and askest vain petitions from that which has not anything to give. But thou, stand thou up from among those who are lying on the earth and caressing stones, and giving their substance as food for the fire, and offering their raiment to idols, and; while themselves possessed of senses, are bent on serving that which has no sensation; and offer thou for thy imperishable soul petitions far that which decayeth not, to God who suffers no decay-and thy freedom will be at once apparent; and be thou careful of it,27 and give thanks to God who made thee, and gave thee the mind of the free, that thou mightest shape thy conduct even as thou wilt. He hath set before thee all these things, and showeth thee that, if thou follow after evil, thou shall be condemned for thy evil deeds; but that, if after goodness, thou shall receive from Him abundant good,28 together with immortal life for ever.
"There is, therefore, nothing to hinder thee from changing thy evil manner of life, because thou art a free man; or from seeking and finding out who is the Lord of all; or from serving Him with all thy heart: because with Him there is no reluctance to give the knowledge of Himself to those that seek it, according to the measure of their capacity to know Him.
"Let it be thy first care not to deceive thyself. For, if thou sayest of that which is not God: This is God, thou deceivest thyself, and sinnest before the God of truth. Thou fool I is that God which is bought and sold? Is that God which is in want? Is that God which must be watched over? How buyest thou him as a slave, and servest him as a master? How askest thou of him, as of one that is rich, to give to thee, and thyself givest to him as to one that is poor? How dost thou expect of him that he will make thee victorious in battle? for, lo! when thy enemies have conquered thee, they strip him likewise.
"Perhaps one who is a king may say: I cannot behave myself aright, because I am a king; it becomes me to do the will of the many. He who speaks thus really deserves to be laughed at: for why should not the king himself lead the way29 to all good things, and persuade the people under his rule to behave with purity, and to know God in truth, and in his own person set before them the patterns of all things excellent-since thus it becomes him to do? For it is a shameful thing that a king, however badly he may conduct himself, should yet judge and condemn those who do amiss.
"My opinion is this: that in `this' way a kingdom may be governed in peace-when the sovereign is acquainted with the God of truth, and is withheld by fear of Him from doing wrong30 to those who are his subjects, and judges everything with equity, as one who knows that he himself also will be judged before God; while, at the same time, those who are under his rule31 are withheld by the fear of God from doing wrong to their sovereign, and are restrained by the same fear from doing wrong to one another. By this knowledge of God and fear of Him all evil may be removed from the realm. For, if the sovereign abstain from doing wrong to those who are under his rule, and they abstain from doing wrong to him and to each other, it is evident that the whole country will dwell in peace. Many blessings, too, will be enjoyed there, because amongst them all the name of God will be glorified. For what blessing is greater than this, that a sovereign should deliver the people that are under his rule from error, and by this good deed render himself pleasing to God? For from error arise all those evils from which kingdoms suffer; but the greatest of all errors is this: when a man is ignorant of God, and in God's stead worships that which is not God.
"There are, however, persons who say: It is for the honour of God that we make the image: in order, that is, that we may worship the God who is concealed from our view. But they are unaware that God is in every country, and in every place, and is never absent, and that there is not anything done and He knoweth it not. Yet thou, despicable man! within whom He is, and without whom He is, and above whom He is, hast nevertheless gone and bought thee wood from the carpenter's, and it is carved and made into an image insulting to God.32 To this thou offerest sacrifice, and knowest not that the all-seeing eye seeth thee, and that the word of truth reproves thee, and says to thee: How can the unseen God be sculptured? Nay, it is the likeness of thyself that thou makest and worshippest. Because the wood has been sculptured, hast thou not the insight to perceive that it is still wood, or that the stone is still stone? The gold also the workman33 taketh according to its weight in the balance. And when thou hast had it made34 into an image, why dose thou weigh it? Therefore thou art a lover of gold, and not a lover of God. And art thou not ashamed, perchance it be deficient, to demand of the maker of it why he has stolen some of it? Though thou hast eyes, dose thou not see? And though thou hast intelligence,35 dose thou not understand? Why dose thou wallow on the ground, and offer supplication to things which are without sense? Fear Him who shaketh the earth, and maketh the heavens to revolve, and smiteth the sea, and removeth the mountain from its place-Him who can make Himself like a fire, and consume all things; and, if thou be not able to clear thyself of guilt, yet add not to thy sins; and, if thou be not able to know God, yet doubt not36 that He exists.
"Again, there are persons who say: Whatsoever our fathers have bequeathed to us, that we reverence. Therefore, of course, it is, that those whose fathers have bequeathed them poverty strive to become rich! and those whose fathers did not instruct them, desire to be instructed, and to learn that which their fathers knew not! And why, forsooth, do the children of the blind see, and the children of the lame walk? Nay, it is not well for a man to follow his predecessors, if they be those whose course was evil; but rather that we should turn from that path of theirs, lest that which befell our predecessors should bring disaster upon us also. Wherefore, inquire whether thy father's course was good: and, if so, do thou also follow in his steps; but, if thy father's course was very evil, let thine be good, and so let it be with thy children after thee.37 Be grieved also for thy father because his course is evil, so long as thy grief may avail to help him. But, as for thy children, speak to them thus: There is a God, the Father of all, who never came into being, neither was ever made, and by whose will all things subsist. He also made the luminaries, that His works may see one another; and He conceals Himself in His power from all His works: for it is not permitted to any being subject to change to see Him who changes not. But such as are mindful of His words, and are admitted into that covenant which is unchangeable, `they' see God-so far as it is possible for them to see Him. These also will have power to escape destruction, when the flood of fire comes upon all the world. For there was once a flood and a wind,38 and the great39 men were swept away by a violent blast from the north, but the just were left, for a demonstration of the truth. Again, at another time there was a flood of water, and all men and animals perished in the multitude of waters, but the just were preserved in an ark of wood by the command of God. So also will it be at the last time: there shall be a flood of fire, and the earth shall be burnt up, together with its mountains; and mankind shall be burnt up, along with the idols which they have made, and the carved images which they have worshipped; and the sea shall be burnt up, together with its islands; but the just shall be preserved from wrath, like as were their fellows of the ark from the waters of the deluge. And then shall those who have not known God, and those who have made them idols, bemoan themselves, when they shall see those idols of theirs being burnt up, together with themselves, and nothing shall be found to help them.
"When thou, Antoninus40 Caesar, shall become acquainted with these things, and thy children also with thee, then wilt thou bequeath to them an inheritance for ever which fadeth not away, and thou wilt deliver thy soul, and the souls of thy children also, from that which shall come. upon the whole earth in the judgment of truth and of righteousness. For, according as thou hast acknowledged Him here, so will He acknowledge thee there; and, if thou account Him here superfluous, He will not account thee one of those who have known Him and confessed Him.
"These may suffice thy Majesty; and, if they be too many, yet deign to accept them."41 Here endeth Melito.
    From the Discourse on Soul and Body.42
For this reason did the Father send His Son from heaven without a bodily form, that, when He should put on a body by means of the Virgin's womb, and be born man, He might save man, and gather together those members of His which death had scattered when he divided man.
And further on: -The earth shook, and its foundations trembled; the sun fled away, and the elements turned back, and the day was changed into night: for they could not endure the sight of their Lord hanging on a tree. The whole creation was amazed, marvelling and saying, "What new mystery, then, is this? The Judge is judged, and holds his peace; the Invisible One is seen, and is not ashamed; the Incomprehensible is laid hold upon, and is not indignant; the Illimitable is circumscribed, and doth not resist; the Impossible suffereth, and doth not avenge; the Immortal dieth, and answereth not a word; the Celestial is laid in the grave, and endureth! What new mystery is this? "The whole creation, I say, was astonished; but, when our Lord arose from the place of the dead, and trampled death under foot, and bound the strong one, and set man free, then did the whole creation see clearly that for man's sake the Judge was condemned, and the Invisible was seen, and the Illimitable was circumscribed, and the Impassible suffered, and the Immortal died, and the Celestial was laid in the gave. For our Lord, when He was born man, was condemned in order that He might Show mercy, was bound in order that He might loose, was seized in order that He might release, suffered in order that He might feel compassion,43 died in order that He might give life, was laid in the grave that He might raise from the dead.44
    From the Discourse on the Cross.45
On these accounts He came to us; on these accounts, though He was incorporeal, He formed for Himself a body after our fashion,46 -appearing as a sheep, yet still remaining the Shepherd; being esteemed a servant, yet not renouncing the Sonship; being carried in the womb of Mary, yet arrayed in the nature of His Father; treading upon the earth, yet filling heaven; appearing as an infant, yet not discarding the eternity of His nature; being invested with a body, yet not circumscribing the unmixed simplicity of His Godhead; being esteemed poor, yet not divested of His riches; needing sustenance inasmuch as He was man, yet not ceasing to feed the entire world inasmuch as He is God; putting on the likeness of a servant, yet not impairing47 the likeness of His Father. He sustained every character48 belonging to Him in an immutable nature: He was standing before Pilate, and at the same time was sitting with His Father; He was nailed upon the tree, and yet was the Lord of all things.
    On Faith.49
We have collected together extracts from the Law and the Prophets relating to those things which have Been declared concerning our Lord Jesus Christ, that we may prove to your love that this Being is perfect reason, the Word of God; He who was begotten before the light; He who is Creator together with the Father; He who is the Fashioner of man; He who is all in all; He who among the patriarchs is Patriarch; He who in the law is the Law; among the priests, Chief Priest; among kings, the Ruler; among prophets, the Prophet; among the angels, Archangel; in the voice of the preacher, the Word; among spirits, the Spirit; in the Father, the Son; in God, God; King for ever and ever. For this is He who was pilot to Noah; He who was guide to Abraham; He who was bound with Isaac; He who was in exile with Jacob; He who was sold with Joseph; He who was captain of the host with Moses; He who was the divider of the inheritance with Jesus the son of Nun; He who in David and the prophets announced His own sufferings; He who put on a bodily form in the Virgin; He who was born in Bethlehem; He who was wrapped in swaddling-clothes in the manger; He who was seen by the shepherds; He who was glorified by the angels; He who was worshipped by the Magi; He who was pointed out by John; He who gathered together the apostles; He who preached the kingdom; He who cured the lame; He who gave light to the blind; He who raised the dead; He who appeared in the temple; He who was not believed on by the people; He who was betrayed by Judas; He who was apprehended by the priests; He who was condemned by Pilate; He who was pierced in the flesh; He who was hanged on the tree; He who was buried in the earth; He who rose from the place of the dead; He who appeared to the apostles; He who was carried up to heaven; He who is seated at the right hand of the Father; He who is the repose of those that are departed; the recoverer of those that are lost; the light of those that are in darkness; the deliverer of those that are captive; the guide of those that go astray; the asylum of the afflicted; the bridegroom of the Church; the charioteer of the cherubim; the captain of the angels; God who is from God; the Son who is from the Father; Jesus Christ the King for evermore. Amen.
This is He who took a bodily form in the Virgin, and was hanged upon the tree, and was buried within the earth, and suffered not dissolution; He who rose from the place of the dead, and raised up men from the earth-from the grave below to the height of heaven. This is the Lamb that was slain; this is the Lamb that opened not His mouth.51 This is He who was born of Mary, fair sheep of the fold. This is He that was taken from the flock, and was led to the slaughter, and was slain in the evening, and was buried at night; He who had no bone of Him broken on the tree; He who suffered not dissolution within the earth; He who rose from the place of the dead, and raised up the race of Adam from the grave below, This is He who was put to death. And where was He put to death? In the midst of Jerusalem. By whom? By Israel: became He cured their lame, and cleansed their lepers, and gave light to their blind, and raised their dead! This was the cause of His death. Thou, O Israel, wast giving commands, and He was being crucified; thou wast rejoicing, and He was being buried; thou wast reclining on a soft couch, and He was watching in the grave and the shroud.52 O Israel, transgressor of the law, why hast thou committed this new iniquity, subjecting the Lord to new sufferings-thine own Lord, Him who fashioned thee, Him-who made thee, Him who honoured thee, who called thee Israel? But thou hast not been found to be Israel: for thou hast not seen God, nor understood the Lord. Thou hast not known, O Israel, that this was the first-born of God, who was begotten before the sun, who made the light to shine forth, who lighted up the day, who separated the darkness, who fixed the first foundations, who poised the earth, who collected the ocean, who stretched out the firmament, who adorned the world. Bitter were thy nails, and sharp; bitter thy tongue, which thou didst whet; bitter was Judas, to whom thou gavest hire; bitter thy false witnesses, whom thou stirredst up; bitter thy gall, which thou preparedst; bitter thy vinegar, which thou madest; bitter thy hands, filled with blood. Thou slewest thy Lord, and He was lifted up upon the tree; and an inscription was fixed above, to show who He was that was slain. And who was this? (that which we shall not say is too shocking to hear, and that which we shall say is very dreadful: nevertheless hearken, and tremble.) It was He because of whom the earth quaked. He that hung up the earth in space was Himself hanged up; He that fixed the heavens was fixed with nails; He that bore up the earth was borne up on a tree; the Lord of all was subjected to ignominy in a naked body-God put to death! the King of Israel slain with Israel's right hand! Alas for the new wickedness of the new murder! The Lord was exposed with naked body: He was not deemed worthy even of covering; and, in order that He might not be seen, the luminaries turned away, and the day became darkened53 because they slew God, who hung naked on the tree. It was not the body of our Lord that the luminaries covered with darkness when they set,54 but the eyes of men. For, because the people quaked not, the earth quaked; because they were not affrighted, the earth was affrighted. Thou smotest thy Lord: thou also hast been smitten upon the earth. And thou indeed liest dead; but He is risen from the place of the dead, and ascended to the height of heaven, having suffered for the sake of those who suffer, and having been bound for the sake of Adam's race which was imprisoned, and having been judged for the sake of him who was condemned, and having been buried for the sake of him who was buried.
And further on: -This is He who made the heaven and the earth, and in the beginning, together with the Father, fashioned man; who was announced by means of the law and the prophets; who put on a bodily form in the Virgin; who was hanged upon the tree; who was buried in the earth; who rose from the place of the dead, and ascended to the height of heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of the Father.
He that bore up the earth was borne up on a tree. The Lord was subjected to ignominy with naked body-God put to death, the King of Israel slain!
From the work on the passover.57 When Servilius Paulus was proconsul of Asia, at the time that Sagaris58 suffered martyrdom, there arose a great controversy at Laodicea concerning the time of the celebration of the Passover, which on that occasion had happened to fall at the proper season;59 and this treatise was then written.60
    From the apology addressed to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus.61
For the race of the pious is now persecuted in a way contrary to all precedent, being harassed by a new kind of edicts62 everywhere in Asia. For unblushing informers, and such as are greedy of other men's goods, taking occasion from the orders issued, carry on their robbery without any disguise, plundering of their property night and day those who are guilty of no wrong.
If these proceedings take place at thy bidding,63 well and good.64 For a just sovereign will never take unjust measures; and we, on our part, gladly accept the honour of such a death. This request only we present to thee, that thou wouldst first of all examine for thyself into the behaviour of these reputed agents of so much strife, and then come to a just decision as to whether they merit death and punishment, or deserve to live in safety and quiet. But if, on the contrary, it shall turn out that this measure, and this new sort of command, which it would be unbecoming to employ even against barbarian foemen, do not proceed from thee, then all the more do we entreat thee not to leave us thus exposed to the spoliation of the populace.
For the philosophy current with us flourished in the first instance among barbarians;65 and, when it afterwards sprang up among the nations under thy rule, during the distinguished reign of thy ancestor Augustus, it proved to be a blessing of most happy omen to thy empire. For from that time the Roman power has risen to greatness and splendour. To this power thou hast succeeded as the much desired66 possessor; and such shalt thou continue, together with thy son,67 if thou protect that philosophy which has grown up with thy empire, and which took its rise with Augustus; to which also thy more recent ancestors paid honour, along with the other religions prevailing in the empire. A very strong proof, moreover, that it was for good that the system we profess came to prevail at the same time that the empire of such happy commencement was established, is this-that ever since the reign of Augustus nothing untoward has happened; but, on the contrary, everything has contributed to the splendour and renown of the empire, in accordance with the devout wishes68 of all. Nero and Domitian alone of all the emperors, imposed upon by certain calumniators, have cared to bring any impeachment against our doctrines. They, too, are the source from which it has happened that the lying slanders on those who profess them have, in consequence of the senseless habit which prevails of taking things on hearsay, flowed down to our own times.69 But the course which they in their ignorance pursued was set aside by thy pious progenitors, who frequently and in many instances rebuked by their rescripts70 those who dared to set on foot any hostilities against them. It appears, for example, that thy grandfather Adrian wrote, among others, to Fundanus, the proconsul then in charge of the government of Asia. Thy father, too, when thou thyself wast associated with him71 in the administration of the empire, wrote to the cities, forbidding them to take any measures adverse to us: among the rest to the people of Larissa, and of Thessalonica, and of Athens, and, in short, to all the Greeks. And as regards thyself, seeing that thy sentiments respecting the Christians72 are not only the same as theirs, but even much more generous and wise, we are the more persuaded that thou wilt do all that we ask of thee.
    From the same apology.73
We are not those who pay homage to stones, that are without sensation; but of the only God, who is before all and over all, and, moreover, we are worshippers of His Christ, who is veritably God the Word74 existing before all time.
    From the Book of Extracts.75
Melito to his brother Onesimus, greeting:-
As you have often, prompted by your regard for the word of God, expressed a wish to have some extracts made from the Law and the Prophets concerning the Saviour, and concerning our faith in general, and have desired, moreover, to obtain an accurate account of the Ancient Books, as regards their number and their arrangement, I have striven to the best of my ability to perform this task: well knowing your zeal for the faith, and your eagerness to become acquainted with the Word, and especially because I am assured that, through your yearning after God, you esteem these things beyond all things else, engaged as you are in a struggle for eternal salvation.
I accordingly proceeded to the East, and went to the very spot where the things in question were preached and took place; and, having made myself accurately acquainted with the books of the Old Testament, I have set them down below, and herewith send you the list. Their names are as follows:-
The five books of Moses-Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; Joshua,76 Judges, Ruth, the four books of Kings, the two of Chronicles, the book of the Psalms of David, the Proverbs of Solomon, also called the Book of Wisdom, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, Job, the books of the prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, of the twelve contained in a single book, Daniel, Ezekiel, Esdras. From these I have made my extracts, dividing them into six books.
    From the Catena on Genesis.77
In place of Isaac the just, a ram appeared for slaughter, in order that Isaac might be liberated from his bonds. The slaughter of this animal redeemed Isaac from death. In like manner, the Lord, being slain, saved us; being bound, He loosed us; being sacrificed, He redeemed us ...
For the Lord was a lamb, like the ram which Abraham saw caught in the bush Sabec.78 But this bush represented the cross, and that place Jerusalem, and the lamb the Lord bound for slaughter.
For as a ram was He bound, says he concerning our Lord Jesus Christ, and as a lamb was He shorn, and as a sheep was He led to the slaughter, and as a lamb was He crucified; and He carried the cross79 on His shoulders when He was led up to the hill to be slain, as was Isaac by his father. But Christ suffered, and Isaac did not suffer: for he was but a type of Him who should suffer. Yet, even when serving only for a type of Christ, he smote men with astonishment and fear.
For a new mystery was presented to view,-a son led by his father to a mountain to be slain, whose feet he bound together, and laid him on the wood of the sacrifice, preparing with care80whatever was necessary to his immolation. Isaac on his part is silent, bound like a ram, not opening his mouth, nor uttering a sound with his voice. For, not fearing the knife, nor quailing before the fire, nor troubled by the prospect of suffering, he sustained bravely the character of the type of the Lord. Accordingly there lies Isaac before us, with his feet bound like a ram, his father standing by, with the knife all bare in his hand, not shrinking from shedding the blood of his son.
    Two scholia on Genesis 22:13.81
The Syriac and the Hebrew use the word "suspended,"82 as more clearly typifying the cross.
The word Sabek83 some have rendered remission,84 others upright,85 as if the meaning, agreeing with the popular belief, were-a goat walking erect up to a bush, and there standing erect caught by his horns, so as to be a plain type of the cross. For this reason it is not translated, because the single Hebrew word signifies in other languages86 many things. To those, however, who ask it is proper to give an answer, and to say that Sabek denotes lifted up.87
    On the nature of Christ.88
For there is no need, to persons of intelligence, to attempt to prove, from the deeds of Christ subsequent to His baptism, that His soul and His body, His human nature89 like ours, were real, and no phantom of the imagination. For the deeds done by Christ after His baptism, and especially His miracles, gave indication and assurance to the world of the Deity hidden in His flesh. For, being at once both God and perfect man likewise, He gave us sure indications of His two natures:90 of His Deity, by His miracles during the three years that elapsed after His baptism; of His humanity, during the thirty similar periods which preceded His baptism, in which, by reason of His low estate91 as regards the flesh, He concealed the signs of His Deity, although He was the true God existing before all ages.
    From the Oration on Our Lord's Passion.92
God has suffered from the right hand of Israel.93
Head of the Lord-His simple Divinity; because He is the Beginning and Creator of all things: in Daniel.95
The white hair of the Lord, because He is "the Ancient of Days: "as above.
The eyes of the Lord-the Divine inspection: because He sees all things. Like that in the apostle: For all things are naked and open in His eyes."96
The eyelids of theLord-hidden spiritual mysteries in the Divine precepts. In the Psalm: "His eyelids question, that is prove, the children of men."97
The smelling of the Lord-His delight in the prayers or works of the saints. In Genesis: "And the Lord smelled an odour of sweetness."98
The mouth of the Lord-His Son, or word addressed to men. In the prophet, "The mouth of the Lord hath spoken; "99 and elsewhere, "They provoked His mouth to anger."100
The tongue of the Lord-His Holy Spirit. In the Psalm: "My tongue is a pen."101
The face of the Lord-His manifestation. In Exodus, "My face shall go before thee; "102 and in the prophet, "The face of the Lord divided them."103
The word of the Lord-His Son. In the Psalm: "My heart hath uttered a good word."104
The arm of the Lord-His Son, by whom He hath wrought all His works. In the prophet Isaiah: "And to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? "105
The right hand of the Lord-that is, His Son; as also above in the Psalm: "The right hand of the Lord hath done valiantly."106
The right hand of the Lord-electio omnis. As in Deuteronomy: "In His right hand is a fiery law."107
The wings of the Lord-Divine protection. In the Psalm: "In the shadow of Thy wings will I hope."108
The shoulder of the Lord-the Divine power, by which He condescends to carry the feeble. In Deuteronomy: "He took them up, and put them on His shoulders."109
The hand of the Lord-Divine operation. In the prophet: "Have not my hands made all these things? "110
The finger of the Lord-the Holy Spirit, by whose operation the tables of the law in Exodus are said to have been written;111 and in the Gospel: "If I by the finger of God cast out demons"112
The fingers of the Lord-The lawgiver Moses, or the prophets. In the Psalm: "I will regard the heavens," that is, the books of the Law and the Prophets, "the works of Thy fingers."113
The wisdom of the Lord-His Son. In the apostle: "Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God; "114 and in Solomon: "The wisdom of the Lord reacheth from one end to the other mightily."115
The womb of the Lord-the hidden recess of Deity out of which He brought forth His Son. In the Psalm: "Out of the womb, before Lucifer, have I borne Thee.116
The feet of the Lord-His immoveableness and eternity. In the Psalm: "And thick darkness was under His feet."117
The throne of the Lord-angels, or saints, or simply sovereign dominion.118 In the Psalm: "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever."119
Seat-the same as above, angels or saints, because the Lord sits upon these. In the Psalm: "The Lord sat upon His holy seat."120
The descent of the Lord-His visitation of men. As in Micah: "Behold, the Lord shall come forth from His place; He shall come down trampling under foot the ends of the earth."121Likewise in a bad sense. In Genesis: "The Lord came down to see the tower."122
The ascent of the Lord-the raising up of man, who is taken from earth to heaven. In the Psalm: "Who ascendeth above the heaven of heavens to the east."123
The standing of the Lord-the patience of the Deity, by which He bears with sinners that they may come to repentance. As in Habakkuk: "He good and measured the earth;124 and in the Gospel: "Jesus stood, and bade him be called,"125 that is, the blind man.
The transition of the Lord-His assumption of our flesh, through which by His birth, His death, His resurrection, His ascent into heaven, He made transitions, so to say. In the Song of Songs: "Behold, He cometh, leaping upon the mountains, bounding over the hills."126
The going127 of the Lord-His coming or visitation. In the Psalm.
The way of the Lord-the operation of the Deity. As in Job, in speaking of the devil: "He is the beginning of the ways of the Lord."128
Again: The ways of the Lord-His precepts. In Hosea: "For the ways of the Lord are straight, and the just shall walk in them."129
The footsteps of the Lord-the signs of His secret operations. As in the Psalm: "And Thy footsteps shall not be known."130
The knowledge of the Lord-that which makes men to know Him. To Abraham He says: "Now I know that thou fearest the Lord; "131 that is, I have made thee to know.
The ignorance of God132 is His disapproval. In the Gospel: "I know you not."133
The remembrance of God-His mercy, by which He rejects and has mercy on whom He will. So in Genesis: "The Lord remembered Noah; "134 and in another passage: "The Lord hath remembered His people."135
The repentance of the Lord-His change of procedure.136 As in the book of Kings: "It repented me that I have made Saul king."137
The anger and wrath of the Lord-the vengeance of the Deity upon sinners, when He bears with them with a view to punishment, does not at once judge them according to strict equity. As in the Psalm: "In His anger and in His wrath will He trouble them."138
The sleeping of the Lord-when, in the thoughts of some, His faithfulness is not sufficiently wakeful. In the Psalm: "Awake, why sleepest Thou, O Lord? "139
The watches of the Lord-in the guardianship of His elect He is always at hand by the presence of His Deity. In the Psalm: "Lo! He will not slumber nor sleep."140
The sitting of the Lord-His ruling. In the Psalm: "The Lord sitteth upon His holy seat."141
The footstool of the Lord-man assumed by the Word; or His saints, as some think. In the Psalm: "Worship ye His footstool, for it is holy."
The walking of the Lord-the delight of the Deity in the walks of His elect. In the prophet: "I will walk in them, and will be their Lord."142
The trumpet of the Lord-His mighty voice. In the apostle: "At the command, and at the voice of the archangel, and at the trumpet of God, shall He descend from heaven."143
Also see: Traditional Catholic Prayers: Tyche, Esther and Poppea - three abominable whores of Satan

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